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Energy of Waves

wave any disturbance that transmits energy through matter or empty space
medium a medium is a substance through which a wave can travel
mechanical waves waves that require a medium
electromagnetic waves waves that can transfer energy without a medium
transverse wave a wave in which the particles of the medium move perpendicularly to the direction the wave is traveling
longitudinal wave a wave in which the particles of the medium vibrate parallel to the direction of the wave motion
crest highest point of transverse wave
trough lowest point of transverse wave
compression part of longitudinal wave where the particles are close together
rarefaction part of the longitudinal wave where the particles are spread apart
surface wave a wave that forms from the combination of a transverse and longitudinal wave
amplitude the maximum distance that the particles of a wave's medium vibrate from their rest position
wavelength the distance from any point on a wave to an identical point on the next wave
frequency the number of waves in a given amount of time
wave speed the speed at which a wave travels through a medium
reflection when a wave bounces back after hitting a barrier
refraction the bending of a wave as the wave passes from one medium to another
diffraction the bending of a wave around a barrier or through an opening
interference the combination of two or more waves that results in a single wave
constructive interference combination of two waves that leads to greater amplitude
destructive interference combination of waves that leads to reduced amplitude
standing wave a pattern of vibration that simulates a wave that is standing still
resonance when two objects naturally vibrate at the same frequency; the sound produced by one object causes the other object to vibrate
Created by: dinardo301