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Unit9Geo

QuestionAnswer
Kunlun Mountains mountains located in the west of China that are the source of two of China's great rivers, the Huang He (Yellow) and the Chang Jaing (Yangtze)
Huang He a river in northern China, also called the Yellow River, that starts in the Kunlun Mountains and winds east for about 3,000 miles, emptying into the Yellow Sea
Chang Jiang The longest river in Asia, flowing gor about 3,900 miles from Xizang (Tibet) to the East China Sea
Xi Jaing also called the West River; the river that flows eastward through southeast China and joins the Pearl River (Zhu Jaing) to flow into the South China Sea, forming an estuary between Hong Kong and Macao
Typhoon a tropical storm, like a hurricane, that occurs in the western Pacific
Taklimakan Desert a destert located in western China between the Tain Shan and Kunlun Mountains
Gobi Desert a desert located in northern China and southeast Mongolia, and a prime area for finding dinosaur fossils
Three Gorges Dam a dam begun in the late 20th century on the Chang Jaing in China, to help control flooding, generate power, and allow ships to sail farther into China
PCB an industrial compound that accumulates in animal tissue and can cause harmful effects and birth defects; PCBs were banned in the United States
Landfill a method of solid waste disposal in which refuse is buried between layers of dirt in order to fill in or reclaim low-lying ground
Dynasty a series of rulers from the same family
Boxer Rebellion an uprising in China in 1900, spurred by angry Chinese militants, or Boxers, over foreign control; several hundered Europeans, Christians, and Chinese died
Mao Zedong the leader of the Communists in China who defeated the Nationalists in 1949; he died in 1976
Confucianism a movement based on the teachings of Confucius, a Chinese philosopher who lived about 500 b.c.; Confucuis stressed the importance of education in an ordered society in which one respects one's elders and obeys the government
Pacific Rim am economic and social region including the countries surrounding the Pacific Ocean, extending clockwise from New Zealand in the western Pacific to Chile in the eastern Pacific including the west coast of the United States
Three Kingdoms the kingdoms formed in the peninsula of Korea by a.d. 300-Koguryo in the northeast, Paekche in the southwest, and Silla in the southeast
Seoul the largest city in South Korea, with a population of more than ten million people
Pyongyang the largest city in North Korea, with more than 2.5 million people
Samurai a professional soldier in Japan who served the interests of landowners and clan cheifs
Shogun the general of the emperor's army with the powers of a military dictator, a position created by the Japanese emperor in 1192 after s struggle between two powerful clans
Ring of Fire the chain of volcanoes that lines the Pacific Rim
Great Kanto Earthquake an earthquake in 1923 in Japan that killed an estimated 140,000 people and left the city of Tokyo in ruins
Tsunami a giant ocean wave, caused by an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption, with freat destructive power
UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund) and international watchdog and relief organization for children
Global Economy the merging of regional economies in which nations become dependent on each other for goods and services
Jakota Triangle a zone of prosperity during the 1980a and early 1990s-Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan
Recession an extended period of decline in general business activity
Sweatshop a workplace where people work long hours for low pay under poor conditions to enrich manufactureres
Qinling Shandi Mountains mountains in southeastern and eastcentral China; they divided the northern part of China from the southern part
Sphere of Influence a method of dividing foreign control in China, after the country was forced to sign a series of treaties granting special privileges to the Europeans. China was partitioned for control by Britain, France, Germany, and Russia, among others
Taoism a philosophy based on the books Tao Te Ching and the teachings of Lao-Tzu, who lived in China in the 6th century b.c. and believed in preserving and restoring harmony in the individual with nature and in the universe, with little interference from the gov
Buddhism a religion that origionated in India about 500 b.c. and spread to China, where it grew into a major religion by a.d. 400
Economic Tiger a country with rapid economic growth due to cheap labor, high technology, and aggressive exports
Created by: hopeelise97