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East Asia Vocabulay

Unit 9

QuestionAnswer
Kunlun Mountains Mountains located in the west of China that are the source of the two of China's great rivers, as the Huang He (yellow) and the Chang Jiang (yangtze)
Qinling Shandi Mountains Mountains in southeastern and eastern central China; they divide northern part of China from the southern part.
Huang He A river in northern China, also called Yellow River, that starts in the Kunlun Mountains and winds east for about 3,000 mile, emptying into the Yellow Sea.
Chang Jiang The longest river in Asia, flowing about 3,900 miles from Xizang to the East China Sea
Xi Jang Also called the West River; the river that flows eastward through southeast China and joins the Pearl River to flow into the South China Sea, forming an estuary between Hong Kong and Macao.
Typoon A tropical storm, like a hurricane, that occurs in the Western Pacific.
Taklimakan Desert A desert located in western China between the Tian Shan and Kunlun mountains.
Gobi Desert A desert located in northern China and southeast Mongolia, and a prime area for finding dinosaur fossils.
Three Gorges Dam A dam begun in the 20th century on the Chang Jaing in China, and allows ships to sail farther into China.
PCBs An industrial compound that accumulates in animal tissue and can cause harmful effects, and birth defects: PCBs wew banned in the Untied States in 1977.
Landfill A method of soild waste disposal in which refuse is buried between layers of dirt in order to fill in or reclaim low-lying ground.
Dynasty A series of rulers from the same family.
Spheres Of Influence A method of dividing foreign control in China, after the country was forced to sign a series of treaties granting special privilages to the Europeans. China was partioned for control by Britain, France, Germany, and Russia, among others.
Boxer Rebellion An uprising in China in 1900, spurred by angry Chinese miliants, or Boxers, over foreign control; several hundred Eurpoeans, Christians, and Chinese died.
Mao Zedong The leader of the Communists in China who defeated the Nationalists in 1949; he died in 1976.
Confucianism A movement based on the teachings of Confucius, a Chinese philospher who lived about 500 B.C.; Confucious stressed the importance of education in an ordered society in which one respects one's elders and obeys the government.
Taoism A philosophy based on the book Tao Teo Ching and the teaching of Lao-Tzu, who lived in China in the sixth century B.C. snd believed in preserving and restoring harmony in the individual, with nature, and in the universe.
Buddhism A religion that originated in India about 500 B.C. and spread to China, where it grew into a major religion by A.D. 400.
Economic Tiger A country with rapid ecomonic growth due to cheap labor, high technology, and aggressive exports.
Pacific Rim AN economic and social region including the countries surrounding thw Pacific Ocean, extending clock-wise from New Zealand in the western Pacific to Chile in the eastern Pacific and including the west coast of the United States.
Three Kingdoms The kingdoms formed in the peninsula of Korea by A.D. 300- Koguryo in the northeast, Paekche in the southwest, and Silla in the southeast.
Seoul The largest city in South Korea, with a population of more then ten million people.
Pyongyang The largest city North Korea, with more then 2.5 million people.
Samurai A proffessional soldier in Japan who served the interests of landowners and clan chiefs.
Shogun The general of the emperor's army with the powers of a military dictator, a postition created by Japanese emperor in 1192 after a struggle between two powerful clans.
Ring Of Fire The chain of volcanoes that lines the Pacific Rim.
Great Kanto Earthquake An earthquake in 1923 in Japan that killed sn estimated 140,000 people and left the city of Tokoyo in ruins.
Tsunami A gaint ocean wave, caused by an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption, with great destructive power.
UNICEF An international watchdog and relief organization for children.
Global Economy The merging of regional economies in which nations became dependent on each other for goods and services.
Jakota Triangle A zone of prosperity during the late 1980s and early 1990s- Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan.
Recession An extended period of decline in general business activity.
Sweatshop a workplace where people work long hours for low pay under poor conditions to enrich manufactors.
Created by: beccadee96