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BMD Bone Mineral Density
BUN Blood Urea Nitrogen
C Culture & Sensitivity
C Cross match & Type
CXR Chest X-ray
ECG Electrocardiogram
EMG Electromyography
GBS Gallbladder Series
Hct Hematocrit
HDL High-Density Lipoprotein
KUB Kidney, Ureter, Bladder
LDL Low-Density Lipoproptein
LP Lumbar Puncture
O Ova & Parasites
PCO2 Partial Pressure of Carbon Dioxide
PT Prothrombin Time
RBC Red Blood Cell/Red Blood Count
UGI Upper Gastrointestinal
US Ultrasound
WBC White Blood Count/White Blood Cells
Sim's position Laying on stomach, left knee on bed, left elbow up by head. used for Rectal and some pelvic examinations
Supine Laying on back. used for ECG, Surgery and anterior examination
Prone Laying on stomach. used for back surgery and heel surgery
Knee-chest butt in the air. used for hemorrhoid, anal and perneal examinations and rectal examinations
Semi-Fowlers laying down, bed up 45degrees. used for patients with difficulty breathing and post surgical examinations
Fowlers sitting with bed up 90degrees. used for head and chest examinations and neck examinations
what are 3 reasons draping and positioning is used? warmth, privacy, modesty, ease of examination
List 3 trays an MOA might use & name 6 items from one Complete Physical Exam tray, Gynecological exam tray, Proctological exam tray. CPE- tuning fork, gauze, gloves, stethoscope, thermometer, glass slides, tissues
Define Homeostasis State of balance between the bodys internal conditions and the environment
List 6 reasons diagnostic testing is useful for the physician legal purposes, changes in treatment, promote good health, validate diagnosis, prove patient is healthy
What does reference range mean Normal range or value expected for a particular test
What information must be included in a requisition Physician, date, signed by doctor, patient information, health card number, tests required, special requests, medication that may affect results
What must an MOA do to ensure that a patient understands everything they need to know about a diagnostic test that has been ordered? Whether they can eat or must fast, is there any specific preperation, can patient drive afterwards, follow up, do they have their requisitions, how long will it take
What must the MOA remember when taking results over the telephone name & contact information of the caller, confirm patient info & demographics, write it down, don't rush, repeat results back to the caller, obtain a call back #
what is a hematologist one that studies, diagnosis and treats blood and lymph systems
what is a pathologist oen who studies tissue and may also perform autopsies