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PHI 302 Chapter 7

PHI 302 Chapter 7 Furbush

Retributive Justice Oldest form of justice; idea that people get what they deserve; eye for an eye type of justice
Distributive Justice equitable or equal distribution of good or bad to human beings based on a just and fair basis
Reward something given or received for worthy behavior
Punishment the act of penalizing someone for a wrongdoing
Retribution (Deserts Theory) Giving people what they deserve regardless of the consequences
Utilitarianism (Results Theory) Rewarding or punishing based on the results of an act
Restitution (compensation Theory) Compensating someone who was a victim; usually the person doing the wrongdoing/harm gives to victim
Is justice concerned with past or future events? Justice is concerned with past events not future events
What are the four ways that good and bad can be distributed? 1. Equally among people 2. According to people's abilities 3. According to what they deserve or merit 4. According to their needs
List an example of equal distribution A lottery or chance method of distribultion
What is the Veil of Ignorance? Set up the principles of social justice without any regard for accidental features of people's lives
Why is rewardimng people based on effort sometimes a problem? It can be hard to measure effort.
What did John Rawls believe? That rights are given to people by a just society
What are human rights? natural rights to life and liberty belonging to all people; impacts how people should treat each other
What ethical system does the author of our text, Jaques Thiroux, support? Humanitarian Ethics--the value of life, goodness or rightness, justice or fairness, truth telling or honesty, and individual freedom
What ia private need? describes the personal, material needs of individuals who are poor or out of work
What is a public need? the system by which people are rewarded for fulfilling the needs of the general people
Created by: sfurbush