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25771 south Asia

unit 8 Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Himilaya Mountains A mountain range in South Asia that includes Mount Everest, the world's largest mountain peak
subcontinenet A landmass that is like a continent, only smaller, such as South Asia, which is called the Indian subcontinent.
alluvial plain land that is rich farmland, composed of clay, silt, sand, or gravel deposited by running water
archipelago a set of closely grouped islands
atoll a ringlike coral iswland or string of small islands surrounding a lagoon
monsoon a seasonal wind, especially in South Asia
cyclone a violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain; the most extreme weather pattern of South Asia
Hinduism a dominant religion of India
Ganges River river in South Asia; an importance water resource flowing more than 1,500 miles from its source in a Himalayan glacier to the Bay of Bengal
storm surge high water level brought by a cyclone that swamps low-lying areas
estuary a broadened seaward end of a river, where the river's currents meets the oceans tides
Mughal Empire the Muslim empire established by the early 1500's over much of India which bought it new customs that sometimes conflicted with those of native Hindus
raj a kind of popular Agerian music developed in the 1920's by poor urban children that is fast paced with danceable rhythms; was sometimes used as a form of rebellion to expose political unhappiness
nonviolent resistance a movement that uses all forms of protest except violence
land reform the process of breaking up large landholdings to attain more balanced land distribution among farmers
Green revolution an agricultural program launched by scientist in the 1960s to develop higher yielding grain varieties and improve food production by incorperating new farming techniques
caste system the Aran system of social classesin India and one of the cornerstones of Hinduism in which each person is born into a caste and can only move into different caste through reincarnation
Indus Valley Civilization the largest of the world's first civilizations in what is now Pakistan ; this was a highly developed urban civilization, lasting from 2500 B.C. to about 1500 B.C.
partition separation; division into 2 or more territorial units having separate political status
Kashmir a region of North India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought
microcredit a small loan available to poor entrepreneurs, to help small businesses grow and raise living standards
entrepreneur a person who starts and builds a business
Ramadan an Islamic practice of month-long fasting from sunup to sundown
constitutional monarchy a government in which the ruler's powers is limited by a constitution and the laws of the nation
Sherpa a person of Tibetan ancestry in Nepal, who serves as the traditional mountain guide of the Mount Everst region
Siddhartha Guatama the founder of Buddhism and known as the Buddha born in Southern Nepal in the 6th century B.C.
mandala in Tibetan Buddhism, a geometric design that symbolizes the universe and aids in meditation
Sinhalese an Indo-Aryan people who crossed the strait separating India and Sri Lanka in the sixth century B.C.
Tamils A Dravidian Hindu, who arrived in Sri Lanka in the fourth century settling in the north while the Sinhalese moved further south
sultan a ruler of a Muslim country
basic necessities food, clothing, and shelter
illiteracy the inability to read or write
summer monsoon the season when winds blow from the southwest across the Indian Ocean toward South Asia, from June to September with winds stirring up powerful storms and causing severe flooding
winter monsoon the season when dry winds blow from the northeast across the Himalaya mountains toward the sea from October to February, sometimes causing drought
Created by: 25771mcr