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WGU Foundations of Teaching

TermDefinition, etc.
Norm-Referenced Tests Compare the performance of one student against the performance of other students (in the class, school, district, etc.)
Types of Norm-Referenced Tests Standardized aptitude and achievement tests, teacher-made survey tests, interest inventories, and adjustment inventories.
Criterion-References Tests Rate how well a student has mastered specific skills/areas of knowledge taught by the teacher.
Types of Criterion-Referenced Tests Teacher-made tests, custom-made tests from text publishers, observation.
Placement (Pretest) Used to determine to what extent students have already achieved the objectives of planned instruction. Cover a broad sample of learning objectives/have wide-range of difficulty.
Readiness (Pretest) Used to assess student's prerequisite skills for purposes identifying learning difficulties/assign students to learning groups. Generally limited in scope/low level of difficulty.
Formative Used during instruction to provide continuous feedback to teacher/students of learning successes and misconceptions.
Diagnostic can be used anytime to determine causes of a student's persistent learning difficulties.
Summative Used at the end of a unit, etc. to determine the extent to which student has met instructional goals.
Validity Evaluation of the adequacy/appropriateness of the uses and interpretations of a single assessment result.
Reliability The consistency of all assessment responses over time.
Created by: gdglgrl