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Integumentary sys 4

Integumentary System, chapter 4

The integumentary system includes the skin, hair and nails
the skin can be considered part of your immune system
cutane/o, derm/o or dermat/o skin
percutaneous pertaining to through(per) the skin
Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) surgical repair of a coronary artery with a catheter inserted through the skin and through the lumen of a blood vessel
subcutaneous (subQ and subcu) pertaining to under(sub) the skin
Subcutaneous tissue is AKA the hypodermis
dermatologist specialist in the study of the skin
dermatitis inflammation of the skin AKA cellulitis
dermatome instrument used to cut skin
the most common dermatome is a scalpel
epidermal pertaining to the outer layer(epi-above,upon,outer) of skin(epidermis)
erythroderma abnormal red skin color AKA 1. erythema 2. erythematous 3. rubeosis (red like a ruby)
IntraDermal (ID) pertaining to within the skin
leukoderma white skin
dermatoconiosis abnormal condition of the skin caused by dust(coni/o)
coni/o dust
dermatoautoplasty surgical repair of the skin with your own skin (skin graft with your own skin)
dermatoheteroplasty surgical repair of the skin using another's skin (skin graft using someone else's skin)
xeroderma (sounds like zeroderma) dry(xero) skin
xero- dry
pachy- thick
pachyderma thick skin
xanthoderma (sounds like zanthoderma) yellow skin AKA jaundice or icterus
xantho- yellow
onych/o or ungu/o nail
onychocryptosis abnormal condition of an ingrown(hidden) nail
crypt/o hidden
onychomalacia a condition of nail softening
malacia softening
onychomycosis an abnormal condition of a/the nail(s) caused by fungus(myc/o)
myc/o fungus (plural) fungi (singular)
onychectomy excision (surgical removal) of a nail
onychophagia a condition of nail(eating) biting
-phagia swallowing, biting, hunger
paronychia a condition of inflammation adjacent (next to) to a nail
ungual pertaining to a nail(s)
seb/o sebum (oil)
seborrhea excessive flow of sebum(oil)
trich/o hair
trichomycosis an abnormal condition of fungus(myc/o) in the hair(axillary)
Be careful, the term trichomonas refers to a type of STD Sexually Transmitted Disease
adip/o, lip/o or steat/o fat
adipose pertaining to (-ose) fat tissue
The suffix -ose also means sugar
Examples of sugar include: glucose, sucrose, dextrose, lactose, fructose and maltose
lipoid resembling(-oid) fat
steatoma a fatty (steat/o) tumor or mass(-oma)
rhytidectomy surgical removal of wrinkles (rhytid/o) AKA a rhytidoplasty
rhytid/o wrinkles
a rhytidectomy (rhytidoplasty) is AKA a face lift
Botox botulism toxin injected to treat facial wrinkles
debridement (debride) removal of necrotic (dead) tissue and/or foreign matter
disseminate (dissemination) to scatter over a considerable area
pruritus (pruritic) itching
pediculosis lice (plural) (louse, singular)
nits lice ova(eggs)
scabies skin infection caused by the itch mite
suboriferous glands glands that produce sweat
Sweat is released through ossa(openings, plural) called suboriferous pores
diaphoresis (diaphoretic) profuse sweating
Iodoform gauze a product name for wound packing
Penrose drain a product name for a wound drain
dehiscence bursting open of a surgical abdominal wound
evisceration (eviscerate) spilling out of abdominal contents due to dehiscence
lesion any pathological (not normal) change in structure or function
alopecia hair loss (baldness)
alopecia is a common side effect of antineoplastic medication AKA chemotherapy
cicatrix (singular) (cicatrices, plural) scar(s)
keloid a hypertrophied scar
troph/i, or plasia growth or development
Keloids are associated with surgery and 3rd degree burns
ulcer an erosion(wearing away) of the skin or mucous membrane
decubitus ulcer bedsore or pressure ulcer
Decubitus ulcers commonly occur on bony prominences (pressure points)
Bony prominences include: 1. Coccyx AKA the tailbone 2.Calcanei (plural, calcaneus-singular) AKA the heel bones 3.Olecranons (holy crayon) AKA the elbows 4.Scapulae(plural, scapula-singular) AKA shoulder bones 5.Pelvic bones such as the ilia(hips) and ischia(butt)
Bony prominences include continued: 6.Occipital bone located at the posterior base of the cranium(skull) 7.Patellas AKA the knees
edema (edematous) tissue swelling (accumulation of fluid)
pitting edema excessive edema causing pitting(indentations) after light palpation(touch) (Memory Foam)
leukoplakia white patches on oral mucous membranes
-plakia patches
Leukoplakia is associated with a premalignant condition
macule flat usually erythematous lesion
papule raised lesion
nodule larger papule
vesicle a clear liquid filled papule AKA blister, bulla(singular) (bullea,plural) (large blister), bleb (small blister)
pustule a papule filled with pus
abscess a collection of pus
acne inflammatory papular(raised lesion) and pustular(a papule filled with pus) eruptions caused by clogging of sebaceous(oil) glands AKA pimples, or zits
comedo(singular)(comedones, plural) whitehead(s) or blackhead(s)
furuncle a boil (a type of abscess, filled with pus)
carbuncle cluster (car load) of furuncles (a type of abscess filled with pus)
ecchymosis (ecchymotic) black & blue mark AKA hematoma, contusion, or bruise
Ecchymosis is caused by bleeding under the skin
petechiae (plural) pinpoint skin hemorrhages
purpura a combination of ecchymosis and petechiae
verruca(e) wart(s)
abrasion mechanical superficial damage to the skin AKA "scrape"
excoriation (excoriate) chemical superficial damage to the skin An example is "diaper rash"
urticaria hives AKA wheals
cyst a thickening or lump
induration abnormal hard spot
tinea fungus
An example of a fungal skin infection is tinea corporis (ring worm)
fissure a crack or groove
Fissures can be caused by tinea pedia ("athlete's foot")
laceration tissue that is cut, torn, or ripped
avulsion tearing any part of the body away from the whole
psoriasis erythematous lesions with silvery white scales
pallor paleness
albinism congenital absence of skin pigmentation(melanin)
vitiligo (Michael Jackson) localized loss of skin pigmentation(melanin) characterized by milk-white patches
cyanosis (cyanotic) abnormal bluish coloration
Cyanosis can be a sign of hypoxia or hypothermia
ichthyosis dry scaly skin
crustation(s) scab(s)
callus hypertrophied skin
impetigo vesicular and pustular bacterial skin disease
neoplasm or neoplasia new growth
Neoplasm and neoplasia are terms commonly associated with Cancer(Ca)
nevus mole or birthmark
melanoma black tumor
Melanoma is considered a malignant neoplasm
I Incision(lance) and Drainage
An I&D is commonly performed on an abscess
FS Frozen Section
A frozen section (FS) is a type of biopsy (Bx)
Created by: Patti Belfi Reed Patti Belfi Reed