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Medical Terminology

Nerv S & Spec.Senses

the largest region of the brain is the cerebrum
the term "psychology" literally means: the process or procedure of the science or study of the mind
the area of the brain responsible for respiration, heart rate, and smooth muscle control of our blood vessels is the: medulla oblongata
the structure that conducts nerve impulses to and from the brain and serves as a reflex center for some sensory information without input from the brain is the: spinal cord
the three layered membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord and literally means membrane is called the: meninges
the cord-like (string-like) structures that carry bio-electrical impulses from one part of the body to another are called ________ nerves
a group of nerve cell bodies that are found outside of the spinal cord and brain are referred to as: ganglions or ganglia (pl.) "literal meaning knot"
the term that means spinal cord inflammation: myel/itis
the combining form en/cephal/o- actually means brain "literally means within head"
the combining form phren/o- means mind or diaphragm "phren/ology and phrenic nerve"
the combining form that means "physical sensation, sensitivity, or feeling" is: esthesi/o-
the combining form phas/o- means speech
the combining form ment/o- means mind "ment/al"
the prefixes hemi- and semi- mean half
the prefixes quadri- and tetra- means _________ and terato- means _________ four and monster
iatro/genic means physician caused
the suffix -paresis means partial paralysis "paraparesis means slight or near paralysis"
the diagnostic term for inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord is: polio/myel/itis "anterior part of the spinal cord horn"
the endocrine system and the nervous systems are referred to as: master body systems
the diagnostic terms Neur/itis and Neur/algia means: inflamed nerves and pain in the nerves
the diagnostic term en/cephal/itis actually means inflammation of the brain
the diagnostic term that means tumor made up of nerve cells is: neur/oma
the diagnostic term that means softening of the brain is: en/caphalo/malac/ia
the diagnostic term Cerebr/al Thromb/o/sis means: condition of a blood clot in the brain "cerebrum"
the diagnostic term Neur/asthenia means: nerve weakness
the diagnostic term for a disease characterized by early senility, confusion, loss of recognition of persons or familiar surroundings, and restlessness is: alzheimer's disease
the diagnostic term for a viral disease that affects the peripheral nerves and causes the skin to blister along the course of the nerve is: shingles- herpes virus that cause chickenpox "Herpes Zoster"
the interruption of blood supply to the brain caused by a cerebral thrombosis, cerebral embolism, or cerebral hemorrhage is called: cerebro/vascular accident, apoplexy, or stroke
the diagnostic term that means deficient supply of blood to the brain for a short time is called a(n): Transient Ischemic Attack "TIA"
the diagnostic term for an emotional disorder characterized by the use of ineffective skills for coping with anxiety or inner conflict is: neurosis "no loss of reality"
the term ________ is seen in children before 18 Y/O. It follows a viral infection (influenza B) and causes Encephalo/pathy and fatty organs. It was recognized in 1963 by Dr. R. Reyes, an Australian Pathologist Reye's Syndrome
the diagnostic term for a condition caused by an increased amount of cerebral spinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain is: hydrocephalus
the diagnostic term for a condition characterized by brain damage and lack of muscle control and partial paralysis is: Cerebral Palsy "CP"
the procedural term echo/encephalo/graphy actually means: procedure of recording brain structures by use of sound
an instrument used to record the electrical impulses of the brain is called: electro/encephalo/graph
the diagnostic term for a process that includes the use of a computer to produce a series of images of the tissues of the brain at any desired depth is: CAT Scan "Computerized Axial Tomography"
the medical term Encephalo/angio/scler/o/sis means: condition of hardening of the brain's blood vessels
the medical term that means without feeling or without sensation: an/esthesia
the medical term that means the same as Quadri/plegia is: tetra/plegia "4 limbs paralyzed"
the medical term Dys/phasia means difficult in speaking
the medical term Psych/o/log/ist means: specialist in the science and study of the mind
the medical term that means mental disease: phrenopathy
the medical term cephalo/dynia pain in the head
the medical term that means total paralysis is: pan/plegia
the medical term quadri/plegia means: paralysis of all four limbs
the medical term Coma means: sleep like
the medical term shunt means: tube implanted in the body to redirect the flow of a fluid
the medical term ataxia means: lack of gross motor balance/coordination
the medical term that means feeling "faint" is syncope
the medical abbreviations CNS, PNS, and ANS refer to divisions of the: nervous system
the Cranial Nerves are string-like groups of nerves coming off of the: brain and brain stem
the medical term Psych/iatr/y literally means: the procedure or process of treating or curing the mind
the term psycholog/ist literally means: a specialist in the science and study of the mind
the medical term Alzeimer's or Pick's disease refers to: pre-senile dementia
the medical term that means Lou Gerhig's disease is also know as: a/myo/throphic Lateral Sclerosis "ALS"
the medical term Cerebral Contusion means: the process of bruising the brain
the medical term Concussion means to shake violently "causing brain bleeding"
the diagnostic medical term Down Syndrome refers to: a genetic defect causing multiple defects seen with degress of mental retardation
the medical term Hemat/oma means: blood swelling or tumor
the medical term Epi/lepsy means: seizure upon the mind and body
the medical term Opistho/tonos (backward bending tone) means: tension that bends back and head backward "Tetanus"
the medical term Septic/emia means poison in the blood "usually bacterial poison or waste"
the medical term Neuro/fibromat/osis is characterized by multiple fiber-like nerve tumors "Elephant Man Disease"
the medical term Chalazion Cust (a.k.a: steatoma, meibomian cyst) is referred to as a sebaceous cyst of the eyelids. It is the extension of the meibomian gland with its oily secretions. The term literally means: hailstone sac "of eyelid"
the term con/junctiv/itis literally means together/joined/inflamed. It actually means inflammation of the membrane that covers the eyeball and the eyelid
the medical term Dacryo/cyst/itis or Lacrimo/cyst/itis means: inflammation of the tear sac
the medical term Glauc/oma actually means: waterfall, cloudy, or gray vision ("caused by an increase in intraocular pressure")
the medical term Kerat/itis actually means: inflammation of the eye's cornea
the medical term Opto/metr/ist literally means: specialist in measuring sight
Miotic Eye Drops cause the eyes pupil to constrict
The E Eye Chart is used to measure visual acuity
the medical term Myoptic (adj.) literally means ______ and actually means ______ nearsightedness or shortsighted "see clear close up"
the medical term Tetanus (24 different types) usually refers to: muscle spasms of body caused by bacteria Clostridium tetani toxins
the Optic(sight), Oculomotor(eye movement), Trochlear(pulley-like), and Abducens(to draw away) Nerves all innervate the eye in some way. These are referred to as Cranial Nerves ___________ (OOOTTAFAGVAH) 2, 3, 4, and 6
the medical term Bell's Palsy is also known as: facial paralysis or palsy
the medical term cerebral palsy (CP) is characterized by: brain damage around the time of birth; CP is manifested by abnormal muscle tone, movements, and coordination (dyskinesias)
the medical term Para/noia literally means "mind/beyond or beside" or refers to a behavior that is out of touch with reality or: refers to abnormal thinking or reasoning "Psychosis- Not Real"
the term Schizo/phrenia (split/mind- with delusions, persecution, hallucinations, jealousy, and/or catatonia "stupor") actually refers to a type of Psych/osis (loss of reality) that is also characterized by: thought deterioration and lack of social functioning before 45 Y/O
the diagnostic medical term multiple sclerosis (MS) refers to deterioration or loss of the myelin sheath nerve body covering "paralysis"
Parkinson's Disease causes body tremors (shaking), weak speech, shuffling of feet, and depression. Other patients may experience: muscle and body "voice loss, sphincter problems, with falls and paralysis"
the body term Cerumen is also known as: ear wax "from modified ear sebaceous or oil glands"
the medical term Myring/itis (typan/itis: drum/inflamed) actually means: inflammation of the eardrum
Aura Atresia refers to: closure of the outer auditory or heading canal
the medical terms Palpebr/itis and Blepharo/ptosis refer to: eyelid inflammation and eyelid drooping
the medical term Retin/itis Pigmentosa can be called: animal tracks "retina or net is inflamed causing marks-blindness"
the medical term Trach/oma refers to a chlamydial (to cloak) infection causing: rough swollen eye lesions "afflicting & blinding 400 million per year"
the outer hard layer of the eye (white of eye) is the sclera
the eye structure that lies directly behind the pupil and iris is the: lens
the tear glands that lubricate and protect the eye are called: lacrimal glands "dacryo- or lacrimo- mean tear"
the inner layer of the eye with the vision receptors in the: retina "net"
the small organs that produce and drain tears from the eye are the: lacrimal glands and ducts
the mucous membrane lining the inner eyelids & globe eyeball is the: conjuctiva
the nerve in the eye that carries visual impulses from the retina to the brain is the: optic nerve
the diagnostic term Blephar/itis means: inflammation of the eyelid
the diagnostic term Photo/phobia means abnormal aversion to or fear of light
the term for an abnormal condition of the eye caused by a fungus is: oculo/myc/o/sis
the diagnostic term for obstruction of the eyelids sebaceous gland is: chalazion "stye"
the diagnostic term cataract actually means: clouding of the lens of the eye "looks cloudy, waterfall, opacity"
the surgical term Radial Keratotomy actually means: producing spoke-like incisions to flatten the cornea
the diagnostic term "Hyperopia" means farsightedness
an instrument that examines the interior of the eye is called a(n): ophthalmo/scop/e
the medical term for a physician who specializes in Ophthalmology is: Ophthalmologist
the medical term that actually means one who is skilled in filling prescriptions for lenses: Optician
the medical term for a specialist who studies the diseases of the eye and is a medical doctor: Ophthalmologist
the medical term opto/metr/ist literally means: specialist in the measurement of sight
the medical term visual acuity means: sharpness of vision
the structure in the inner ear that contains balance receptors and endolymph is called that: semicircular canals
the malleus, incus, and stapes make up the bones of the middle ear calleed the: ossicles "bones/little"
the combining forms acout/o- and audi/o- both mean: hearing "acoustics and audio"
the diagnostic term ot/itis interna can also be called: labyrinthitis or inflamed inner ear
the medical term for a fungal infection in the ear is: otomycosis
the diagnostic term ot/algia means: pain in the ear
the diagnostic term for a chronic disease of the inner ear characterized by dizziness (vertigo) and ringing (tinnitus) is the ear is: Meniere's Disease
the diagnostic term for rining in the ears is: tinnitus
the diagnostic term for dizziness (turning round) is: vertigo
a delicate instrument used to test hearing acuteness is called a(n): audio/meter
the medical term that means a specialist who studies and treats the diseases and disorders of the ear, nose and throat is: otorhinolaryngologist
the term that means one who studies and treats disease of the ear is: otologist
a specialist who specializes in the study of hearing is an: audiologist
a chiropractor specializes in the repositioning of bones with adjustments in order to relieve nerve and tissue pressure cause by bone ____________ subluxations
a physician that uses techniques and treatments similar to medical doctors and chiropractors is a(n): osteopath
Created by: tlclinard09