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Sociology CH 3, 4

Stack #90973

Culture All that human beings learn to do, to use, to produce, to know, and to believe as they grow to maturity and live out their lives in social groups to which they belong
Culture Shock The difficulty people have adjusting to a new culture that differs markedly from their own
Ethnocentrism A practice in which people often make judgements about other cultures according to the customs and values of their own
Cultural relativism The recognition that social groups and cultures must be studied and understood on their own terms before valid comparisons can be made
Material Culture Consists of human technology--all the things human beings make and use, from small handheld tools to skyscrapers
Nonmaterial Culture The totality of knowledge, beliefs, values, and rules for appropriate behavior
Norms The rules of behavior that are agreed upon and shared within a culture and that prescribe limits of acceptable behavior
Mores (More-ays) Strongly held norms that usually have a moral connotation and are based on the central values of the culture
Folkways Norms that permit a wide degree of individual interpretation as long as certain limits are not overstepped
Ideal norms Expectations of what people should do under perfect conditions
Real norms Norms that are expressed with qualifications and allowances for differences in individual behavior
Cultural lag The phenomenon through which new patterns of behavior may emerge, even though they conflict with traditional values
Taboo The prohibition of a specific action
Rites of passage Standardized rituals marking major life transitions
Created by: m3lb3ll3