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105 OB/GYN


Adnexal adjacent
Amenorrhea absence or cessation of menstrual period
Atypical deviation from normal
Cervix lower, narrow end of uterus that opens into vagina
Colposcopy exam of cervix with lighted, magnifying lens
Cytology the science of the study of cells: origin,structure,function and pathology
Dysmenorrhea painful menstrual period
Dyspareunia pain in vagina/pelvis during sexual intercourse
Dysplasia the growth of abnormal cells
Ectocervix the part of the cervix that extends into vagina
Endocervix the mucous membrane lining of cervical canal
External os the opening of the cervical canal into the vagina
Gynecology the branch of medicine dealing with the reproductive organs of women
Menopause the permanent cessation of menstruation
Menorrhagia excessive bleeding during a menstrual period
Metrorrhagia bleeding between menstrual periods
Perimenopause prior to menopause when menstrual cycles become irregular and with increased periods of amenorrhea
Perineum the external region between vagina and anus or scrotum and anus
Risk factor increased chance of developing disease
Vulva female external genitalia
Braxton Hicks contractions intermittent,irregular,painless contractions that occur throughout pregnancy
Dilation the stretching of the external os to allow passage of infant at birth
EDD expected date of delivery
Effacement the thinning and shortening of the cervical canal as birth approaches
Embryo the child in utero from conception to the beginning of the 1st trimester
Engagement the entrance of the fetal presenting part into the pelvic inlet
Fetal heart tones the heartbeat of the fetus heard through the mother's abdominal wall
Fetus the child in utero from the third month after conception to birth
Fundus the dome-shaped upper portion of the uterus
Gestation the period of intrauterine development from conception to birth
Infant a child from birth to 12 months of age
Lochia discharge from uterus after delivery
Multigravida a woman who has been pregnant more than once
Multipara a woman who has completed 2 or more pregnancies to viability regardless of birth status
Nullipara a woman who has not carried a pregnancy to viability (20 weeks gestation)
Obstetrics the branch of medicine concerned with the care of the woman during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period
Position the relation of the presenting part of the fetus to the maternal pelvis
Postpartum occuring after childbirth
Preeclampsia a major complication of pregnancy characterized by increasing hypertension, albuminuria, and edema
Prenatal before birth
Presentation indication of the part of the fetus that is closest to the cervix and will be delivered first
Primigravida a woman who is pregnant for the first time
Primipara a woman who has carried a pregnancy to viability regardless of birth status
Puerperium the period of time after delivery in which the body systems return to pre-pregnancy state (4 to 6 weeks)
Quickening the 1st fetal movements in utero
Toxemia a condition that includes preeclampsia and eclampsia
Trimester 3 months or 1/3 of the gestational period of pregnancy
Created by: lmeier