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Discovering Cellls

Cells basic unit of structure and function in living things
Structure what an organism is made of and how it is put together
Function processes that enable an organism to stay alive and reproduce
Cell Theory all living things are made of cells cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living things all cells are produced from other cells
Compound microscope two lens, one lens magnifies (convex lens) one lens magnifies the other lens’ magnification. (convex lens)
Resolution sharpness of an image
Electron microscope uses a beam of electron instead if light to produce a magnified image.
Organelles Tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions.
Cell membrane control what substances go in and out of the cell.
Nucleus the cells control center
Nuclear Envelope protective wall around nucleus.
Chromatin strands that contain genetic material that instructs the cell how to grow.
Nucleolus where ribosomes are made.
Cytoplasm the region between the cell membrane and nucleus.
Mitochondria “power houses” of the cell because they convert energy in food molecules to energy the cell use to carry out its functions.
Endoplasmic reticulum maze of passageways that carry proteins and other materials from one part of a cell to another.
Ribosomes small grain like bodies, function as factories to produce proteins.
Golgi bodies receive proteins and other materials. Then they package and distribute them to other parts of the cell.
Chloroplasts capture energy from sunlight and use it to produce food for the plant cell.
Vacuoles A large water filled sac, stores food and other materials.
Lysosomes “cleanup crew” round structures containing chemicals that breakdown material.
Created by: Cameron Thibault