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Anthropology Exam 1

Key Terms: Core Concepts in Biological Anthropology, FUENTES

adaptation change in response to environmental challenges
catastrophism "great catastophies regularly wipe out life on earth"
comparative approach comparing: entities/cultures/organisims to discover similarities & differences
holistic approach drawing on all subdisciplines/other disciplines to answer questions about humans
reproductive success measure # of surviving offspring
taxonomy naming/classification based upon morphological similarities and differences
allele sequence of nucleotides in a gene; form of a gene
amino acids building blocks of proteins
chromosomes house supercoiled DNA in nucleus
codon three nucleotide-sequence :. DNA triplet code written onto the mRNA
crossing over sister chromosomes changing segments
deoxyribonucleic acid DNA. basic info. for the structure of life
diploid 46 chromosomes, 23 pairs
gene segment of DNA containing sequence for the protein
haploid 23 single chromosomes
meiosis production of gametes (haploid cells)
Created by: goldmeg89