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bonewit chapter 8

abortion the termination of the pregnancy before the fetus reached the age of viability (20 weeks)
Adnexal adjacent
amenorrhea the absence of cessation of the menstrual period. Amenorrhea occurs normally before puberty during pregnancy, and after menopause
atypical deviation from the normal
braxton hicks contractions intermittent and irregular painless uterine contractions that occur throughout pregnancy they occur more frequently toward the end of pregnancy and are sometimes mistaken for true labor pains
cervix the lower narrow end of the uterus that opens into the vagina
colposcopy examination of the cervix using a colposcopy
cytology the science that deals with the study of cells including their orgin structure function and pathology
dilation the stretching of the external os from an opening a few millimeters wide to an opening large enough to allow the passage of an infant
dysmenorrhea pain associated with the menstrual period
dyspareunia pain in the vagina or pelvis ecperienced by a woman during sexual intercourse
dysplasis the growth of abnormal cells. dysplasia is precancerous condition that may or may not develop
ectocervix the part of the cervix that projects into the vagina and is lined with stratified squamous epithelium
EDD expected date of delivery or due date
Effacement The thinning and shortening of the cervival canal from its normal lenght of 1 to 2 cm to a structure with paper thin edges in which there is no canal at all.
embryo the child in utero from the time of conception to the beginning of the first trimester
endocervix the mucous membrane lining the cervical canal
engagement the entrance of the fetal head or the presenting part into the pelvic inlet
expected date of delivery (EDD) projected birth date of the infant
external OS the opening of the cervical canal of the uterus into the vagina
fetal heart rate the number of times per minute the fetal heart beats
fetal heart tones the sounds of the heartbeat of the fetus heard through the others abdominal wall
fetus the child in utero from the third month after conception to birth; during the first 2 months of development it is called an embryo
fundus the done shaped upper portion of the uterus between the fallopian tubes
gestation the period of intrauterine development from conception to birth; the period of pregnancy. the average pregnancy lasts about 280 days or 40 weeks from the date of conception
gestational age the age of the fetus between conception and birth
gravidity the total number of pregnancies a woman has had regardles of duration, including a current pregnancy
gynecology the branch of medicine that deals with the diseases of reproductive organs of women
infant a child from birth to 12 months of age
internal os the internal opening of the cervical canal into the uterus
lochia a discharge from the uterus after delivery that consists of blood tissue white blood cells and some bacteria
menopause the permanent cessation of menstruation which ushually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55
menorrhagia excessive bleeding during a menstrual period in the number of days or the amount of blood or both. also called dysfunctional uterine bleeding
metorrhagia bleeding between menstrual periods
multigravida a woman who has been pregnant
multipara a women who has completed two or more pregnancies to the age of fetal viability regardless of whether they ended in live infants or still birth
nullipara a woman who has not carried a pregnancy to the point of fetal viabitity
obstetrics the branch of medicine concerned with the care of the women during pregnancy childbirth and the postpartal period
parity the condition of having borne offspring regardless of the outcome
perimenopause before the onset of menopause the phase during which the woman with regular periods changes to irregular cycles and increased periods of amenorrhea
perineum the external region between the vaginal orifie and the anus in a female and between the scrotum and the anus in a male
position the relation of the presenting part of the fetus to the maternal pelvis
postpartum occurring after child birth
preeclampsia a major complication of pregnancy the cause of which is unknown characterized by increasing hypertension, albuminuria and edema
prenatal before birth
presentation indication of the part of the fetus that is closest to the cervix and is delivered first.
preterm birth delivery occurring between 20 and 37 weeks of gestation regardless of whether the child was born alive or still born
primigravida a women who is pregnant for hte first time
primipara a woman who has carried a pregnancy to fetal viability for the first time regardless of whether the infant was still borne or alive at birth
puerperium the period of time, ushually 4 to 6 weeks after delivery in which the uterus and the body systems are returning to normal
quickening the first movement of the fetus in utero as felt by the mother which usually occurs between 16 and 20 weeks of gestation and is felt consistently there after
risk factor anything that increases an indiciuals chance of developing a disease some risk factors can be avoided but others cannot
term birth delivery occurring after 37 weejs of gestation regardless of whether the infant was born alive or still born
toxemia a condition that can occur in pregnant women that includes preeclampsia and eclampsia. if preeclampsia goes undiagnosed or not satisfactorily controlled it could develop into eclampsia characterized by conclusions and coma
trimester 3 months or one 3rd of the gestational period of pregnancy
vulva the region of the external female genital organs
Created by: Breanneharber