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bonewit chapter 8

abortion The termination of the pregnancy before the age of viability (20 weeks)
Adexal adjacent
Amenorrhea The absence or cessation of the menstrual period. Amenorrhea occurs normally before puberty, during pregnancy and after menopause.
Atypical deviation from the normal
Braxton Hicks contractions Intermittent and irregular painless uterine contractions that occur throughout pregnancy and are sometimes mistaked for true labor pains
Cervix The lower narrow end of the uterus that opens into the vagina
Colposcopy Examination of the cervix using a colposcope ( alighted instrument with a magnifying lens)
Cytology The science that deals with the study of cells, including their origin, structure, function, and pathology
Dilation ( of the cervix) The stretching of the external os form an opening a few millimeters wide to an opening large enough to allow the passage of an infant ( approximatelt 10 cm)
Dysmenrrhea Pain associated with the menstrual period
Dyspareunia Pain in the vagina or pelvis experienced by a women during sexual intercourse
Dysplasia The growth of abnormall cells. Dysplasia is a precancerous condition that may or may not develop into cancer
Ectocervix The part of the cervix that projects into the vagina and is lined with stratified squamous epithelium
EDD expected date of delivery, or due date
Effacement The thinning and shortening of the cervical canal from its normal length of 1 to 2 cm to a structure with paper thin edges in which there is no canal at all. Effacement occurs late in pregnancy, during labor, or both. The purpose of effacement along with
Embryo The child in utero from the time of conception to the beginning of the first trimester
Endocervix The mucous membrane lining the cervical canal
Engagement The entrance of the fetal head or the presenting part into the pelvic inlet
Expected date of delivery Projected birth date of the infant
External os The operating of the cervical canal of the uterus into the vagina
Fetal heart rate The number of times per minute the fetal heat beats
Fetal heart tones The sounds of the heartbeat of the fetus heard through the mother's abdominal wall
Fetus The child in utero from the third month after conception to birth; during the first two months of development, it is called an embryo
Fundus The dome-shaped upper portion of the uterus between the fallopian tubes
Gestation The period of intrauterine development from conception to birth; the period of pregnancy. The average pregnancy lasts about 280 days, or 40 weeks, from the date of conception to child birth
Gestational age The age of the fetus between conception and birth
Gravidity The total number of pregnancies a women has had regardless of duration, including a current pregnancy
Gynecology The branch of medicine that deals with the disease of reproductive organs of women
Infant A child from birth to 12 months of age
Internal os The internal opening of the cervical canal into the uterus
Lochia A discharge from the uterus after delivery that consists of blood, tissue, white blood cells, and some bacteria
Menopause The permanent cessation of menstruation which usually occurs between ages 45 and 55
Menorrhagia Excessive bleeding during a menstrual period, in the number of days or the amount of blood or both. Also called dysfunctional uterine bleeding
Metrorrhagia Bleding between menstrual periods
Multigravida A women who has been pregnant more than once
Multipara A woman who has completed two or more pregnancies to the age of fetal viability regardless of weather they ended in live infants of stillbirths
Nullipara A woman who has not carried a pregnancy to the point of fetal viability ( 20 weeks of gestation)
Obstetrics The branch of medicine concerned with the care of the women during pregnancy, childbirth, and post partial period
Parity The condition of having borne offspring regardless of the outcome
Perimenopause Before the onset of menopause, the phase during which the woman with regular periods changes to irregular cycles and increased periods of amenorrhea
perineum The external region between the vagina orifice and the anus in a female and between the scrotum and anus in a male
Position The relation of the presenting part of the fetus to the maternal pelvis
Postpartum Occurring after birth
Preeclampsia A major complication of pregnancy, occurs between to 20th week of pregnancy and the end of the first week postpartum, may develop into elcampsia which could cause maternal convulsions and comas
Prenatal Before birth
Presentation Indication that part of the fetus that is closest to the cervix and is delivered first.
Preterm birth Delivery occuring between 20 and 37 weeks of gestation regardless of whether the child was born alive or stillborn
Primigravida A women who is pregnant for the first time
Primipara A woman who has carried a pregnaancy to fetal viability (20 weeks of gestation) for the first time, regardless of whether the infant was stillborn or alive at birth
puerperium The period of time, usually 4 to 6 weeks after delivery, in which the uterus and the body systems are returning to normal
Quickening The first movements of the fetus in utero as felt by the mother, which usually occurs between 12 and 20 weeks of gestation and is felt consistently there after
Risk Factor Anything that increases an individual's chance of developing a disease. Some risk factors (smoking) can be avoided but others cannot (age and family history)
Term birth delivery occuring after 37 weeks of gestation regardless of whether the infant was born alive or stillborn
Toxemia A condidtion that can occur in pregnant women that includes preeclampsia and eclampsia. If preclampsia goes undiagnosed or is not satisfactorily controlled, it could develop into eclampsia, characterized by convulsions and coma.
Trimester Three months, or one third, of the gestational period of pregnancy
Vulva The region of the external female genital organs
Created by: ReganEntler