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Hinduism, sec 1&2

Exploring the Religions of Our World, Ch. 5

ahimsa non-violence
Akbar 16th-C ruler who tried to unite all Indian religions
Aryans ancient people who spoke pre-Indo-European languages
ashramas 4 stages of life
atman real self
avatars incarnations of gods/goddesses
bhakti personal devotion to the gods
brahmin Vedic priests
caste social class
dharma duties & obligations in society
Jainism mix of Hinduism & Buddhism
karma the moral law of cause & effect
guru spiritual guide or teacher
maya illusions
moksha liberation from cycle of rebirth
samsara the transmigration of souls (between lives)
Sanskrit liturgical & scriptural language of Hinduism
satyagraha passive resistance
shruti scripture containing the Vedas (older)
Sikhism mix of Hinduism & Islam
smriti scripture containing great Hindu epics (newer; less authoritative)
transmigration passing of a soul from one body to another
Ultimate Reality innermost soul (atman) of each person
untouchables people considered too low to appear on the caste system
Vedas earliest Hindu scriptures, from Aryan times
Brahma Creating god
Krishna one of two avatars of Vishnu
Rama one of two avatars of Vishnu
Shiva Destroying god
Vishnu Preserving god
Created by: uilani76