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Bonewit Chapter 8

The Gyneclogical Exam and Prenatal care

the termination of the pregnancy before the fetus reacehd the age of viability (20 weeks) abortion
adjacent adnexal
the absence or sessation of the menstrual period. amenorrhea
deviation from the normal atypical
intermitten and irregular painless uterine contractions that occur throughout pregnancy. They occur more frequently toward the end of pregnancy and are sometimes mistaken for true labor pains braxton hicks contraction
the lower narrow end of the uterus that opens into the vagina cervix
examination of the cervix using a coloscope coloscopy
the science that deals with teh study of cells, including their origin, structure, function, and pathology cytology
the stretching of the external os from an opening a few millimeters wide to an opening large enough to allow the passage of an infant. (approx 10 cm) dilation (of the cervix)
pain associated with the menstrual period dysmenorrhea
pain in the vagina or pelvis experienced by a woman during sexual intercourse dyspareunia
the growth of abnormal cells. dysplasia
the part of the cervix that projects into the vagina and is lined with stratified squamous epithelium ectocervix
expected date of delivery, or due date EDD
The thinning and shortening of the cervical canal from its normal length of 1 to 2 cm to a structure with paper thin edges in which there is no canal at all. effacement
the child in utero from the time of conception to the beginning of the first trimeser embryo
the mucous membrane lining of the cervical canal endocervix
the entrance of the fetal head or the presenting part into the pelvic inlet engagement
projected birth date of the infant expected date of deliver (EDD)
the opening of the cervical canal of the uterus into the vagina external os
the number of times per minute the fetal heart beats fetal heart rate
the sounds of the heartbeat of the retus heard throuh the moters abdominal wall fetal heart tones
the child in utero from the third month after concetion to birth; duing the first 2 months of development, it is called an embryo fetus
the dome shaped upper portion of the uterus between the fallopian tubes fundus
the period of intrauterine development form conception to birth; the period of pregnancy. the average pregnancy lasts about 280 days or 40 weeks from the date of conception to childbirth gestation
the age of the fetus between conception and birth gestational age
the total number of pregnancies a wonam has had regardless of duration, including a current pregnancy gravidity
the brancy of medicine that deals with the diseases of reproductive organs of women gynecology
a child from birth to 12 months of age infant
the internal opening of the cervical canal into the uterus internal os
a discharge from the uterus after delivery that consists of blood, tissue, white blood cells, and some bacteria. lochia
the permanent cessation of menstruation, which usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55 menopause
excessive bleeding durin a menstrual period, in the number of days or the amount of blood or both. also called dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) menorrhagia
bleeding between menstrual periods metrorrhagia
a woman who has been pregnant more than once multigravida
a woman who has completed 2 or more pregnancies to the age of fetal viability regardlss of whether they ended in live infants or stillbirths multipara
the brance of medicine concerned with the care of the woman during pregnancy, childbirht, and the postpartial period obstetrics
the condition of having borne offsping regardless of the outcome parity
before the onset of menopause, the phase during which the woman with regular periods changes into irregular cycles and increased periods of amenorrhea perimenopause
the external region between the vaginal orifice and the anus in a female and between hte scrotum and the anus in a male perineum
the relation of the presenting part of the fetus to the maternal pelvis position
occuring after childbirth postpartum
a major complication of pregnancy, the cause of which is unknown, characterized by increasing hypertension, albuminuria, and edema. preeclampsia
before bith prenatal
indication of the part of the fetus that is closest to the cervix and is delivered first presentation
delivery occuring between 20 and 37 weeks of gestation regardless of whether the child was born alive or stillborn preterm birth
a woman who is pregnant for the first time primigravida
a woman who has carried a pregnancy to fetal viability for the firts time, regardless of whether the infant was stillborn or alive at birth primipara
the period of time, usually 4 to 6 weeks after delivery, in which the uterus and the body systems are returning to normal puerperium
the fist movement of the fetus in utero as felt by the mother, which usually occurs between 16 and 20 weeks of gestation and is felt consistently thereafter quickening
anything that increases an individuals chace of developing a disease risk factor
delivery occuring after 37 weeks of gestation regardless of whether the infant was born alive or stillborn term birth
a condition that can occur in pregnant women that includes preeclampsia and eclampsia. toxemia
three months, or one third, of the gestational period of pregnancy trimester
the region of the eternal female genital organs vulva
a woman who has not carried a pregnancy to the point of fetal viabeility. (20 weeks of gestation) nullipara
Created by: AlyssaSearls