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# BAS-Urinary

BUN & Creatinine Waste product found in the blood. Lab test evaluates kidney function.
What is normally never found in the urine. Bilirubin, Red blood cells Glucose, White blood cells Protein
nephr/o nephron, kidney
ren/o kidney
The nephron is... The filter of the kidney.
The nephron has two main parts: Glomerulus and tubule
Glomerulus small blood vessels that prevent large proteins and blood cells from going into the tubule.
ureter Tubule that drains urine from kidney to the bladder.
ARF Acute renal failure
CRF Chronic renal failure
cystoscopy viewing of the bladder with an instrument
ESRD End stage renal disease
KUB Xray of kidney, ureter, and bladder
IVP Xray of kidney that requires injection of iodine contrast media
PKU Inherited disease tested for in infants.
UTI Urinary tract infection
Urinalysis Test of urine by: 1. microscopic exam 2. physical exam 3. chemical exam (urine dip)
Cystitis bladder inflammation
glomerulonephritis inflammation of both the nephron and glomerulus.
nephrolithiasis kidney stone condition
lith/o stone
What can a urine specimen tell you about a person's health It can identify indicators for: liver disease, bleeding in the kidney, metabolic diseases, bacterial and parasitic infectios, kidney failure.
nephritis inflammation of the nephron
The urethra's meatus opens to the ________ outside
An -osis is a suffix used to indicate a condition of. Lith/o is the root word for stone. What would be the word for stone condition? lithiasis
A catheter can be used to measure urine output. True
-uria is a suffix used to indicate a kidney condition relating to the urine. What would protein in the urine be called? proteinuria
Na+ Sodium
Cl- Chloride
A patient presents the following: pain in lower left side which increases with time. Blood in the urine. Symptoms started this morning. The doctor doctor orders an IVP STAT. With finding the doctor documents nephrolithiasis. What does the patient have? Kidney stones
A female patient has notice difficulty urinating with some pain. The patient also has a fever. The doctor performs a microscopic urinalysis in the office. The doctor documents cystitis. What does the patient have? bladder infection
A patient enters the doctors office with pain in the left side.Patient also reports extreme thirst and tiredness. A chemical urinalysis shows glycosuria. The doctor documents diabetes mellitus. What is glycosuria Sugar in the urine.
cyst/o bladder
outer region of the kidney cortex
inner tissue of the kidney medulla
pyramids area formed by the nephrons
calyx funnel. directs urine into pelvis
an- without
poly- many
ur/o urine
polyuria patient must urinate more than the normal number of times in a day.
nocturia patient must awaken during the night to urinate
proteinuria protein in the urina. An abnormal finding.
hemat/o blood
hematuria blood in the urine. An abnormal finding.
glycosuria sugar in the urine. Abnormal finding.
pyuria White cells (pus) in the urine. An abnormal finding.
Created by: rjmtoss