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What three types of organisms live on a humans skin bacteria, fungi, and skin mites
How do antibiotics work to contain infection By killing most of the infection-causing bacteria in your body. It kills the bacteria by distroying the cell wall or outer covering, the immune system kills the rest
Discribe ways mictoorganisms are identified in the laboratory By using a gram's stain or a acid fast stain
What is the function of bacteria on the skin A one cell organism that eats the sebum your body produces
What is the function of skin mites on the skin a micro animal that eats the dead skin on the body and normaly attaches to the hair
What is the function of fungi on the skin A microorganism that rest on the skin to wait on the chance to infect the body
What are the accessory structres of the skin Sweat glands, Oil glands, hair, and nails
What layer of skin contains the accessory structures of the skin The dermis
What are the two layers of skin The dermis and the epidermis
Discribe the epidermis layer of skin The outer most portion, it is composed of epithelial cells and contains no blood vessels
Discribe the dermis layer of skin The framework of connective tissue and contains many blood vessels, nerve endingsm and glands
What abnormalitie of the skin is paleness of the skin often caused by reduced blood flow, or by reduction in hemoglobin Pallor
What abnormalitie of the skin is redness of the skin Fulshing
What abnormalitie of the skin is a yellowish discoloration of the skin Jaundice
What abnormalitie of the skin is bluish discoloration of the skin Cyanosis
What abnormalitie of the skin is yellow-orange discoloration of the skin Carotenemia
What lesion is a crack in the skin Fissure
What lesion is a vesicle filled with pus Pustule
What lesion is a rough, jagged wound Laceration
What lesion is a red spot neither raised nor depressed Macule
What lesion is a scratch into the skin Excoriation
What lesion is a blister or small sac of fluid Vesicle
What lesion is a sore with dead tissue Ulcer
What lesion is a firm, raised area Papule
What burn involves full skin and possible subcutaneous tissue; skin is broken, dry, and pale, or charred Full-thickness
What burn involves epidernis and maybe dermis; tissue is red and may blister, such as a sunburn Superficial partial-thickness
What burn involves epidermis amd portions of the dermis; tissue is blistered, broken, and weeping Deep partial-thickness
How do cuts heal After the blood has clotted and a scab has formed new vessels branch and grow into the injure tissue, Fibroblast manufacture collagen to close the gap made by the wound, new connective tissue develops from within the wound to form a scar
What skin disorder is inflammation of the skin Dermatits
What skin disorder is a chronic overgrowth of the epidermis leading to large, sharply outlined, red, flat areas covered with silvery scales Psoriasis
The Amebas helminths causes what disease Entamoeba histolytica
What is a cicatrix A scar
What are keloids Tumor like masses or sharply raised areas on the skin surface
What is the natural process of cells being lost from the epidermis and replaced by the cells below Exfoliation
Cells in the deepest layer of the epidermis that produce the pigment that colors and protects the skin are called Melanocytes
What does integumentary system mean Covering
What is the function of the subcutaneous layer It connects the skin to the surface muscles
What are freckles Irregular patches of melanin
What structure of the skin produces sebum Sebaceous glands
What is the purpos of sebum To lubricate the skin and hair
What is the cream-cheese like substance that covers and protects a baby in the uterus from the amniotic fluid Vernix caseosa
The blockage of which gland can cause a cyst that must be removed surgically Sebaceous cyst
What are hair follicles A sheath of epithelial and connective tissue that encloses the hair
What skin structure is associated with hair follicles Sebaceous Gland
What is the function of the arrector pili muscle It is a muscle that is attached to the hair follicles and when it contracts the hair raises forming goose bumps on the skin
What is the name for sweat glands Sudoriferous glands
What type of glands are modified sweat glands that produce ear wax Ceruminous glands
The proximal end of the nail where new cells form is the Nail root
The portion of the nail resting on the nail bed is the Nail plate
Epithelial tissue of the finger under the nail is known as the Nail bed
The "little moon" or the crescent shaped light area that lies over the growing regin of the nail is the Lunula
This seals the space between the nail plate and the skin Cuticle
What two illnesses can cause changes in the nail Heart disease and vascular disease
Albinism is due to A lack of melanin
A skin disorder that causes intense itching and skin inflammation and includes erythema, vesicles, and papules, along with scaling and crusting is Atopic disease
What is a chronic overgrowth of the epidermis leading to large, sharply outlined, red, flat areas covered with silvery scales Psoriasis
What is a birthmark or mole called Nevus
A milignant tumor of melanocytes is called Melanoma
What is a disease of the sebaceous glands conected with the hair follicles Acne
Most common type of acne that normaly affects people between the ages of 14 and 25 is called Acne vulgaris
An acute contagious disease of staph or strep thath causes blisterlike lesions filled with pus and may cause death in newborn infants. Impetigo
What virus causes the formation of watery visicles on the skin and mucous Herpes simplex virus
What type causes lesions around the mouth and nose Type I herpes
What type is responsible for genital infesction Type II herpes
What virus is seen in adluts that the infection follows nerve pathways, producing small lesions on the skin Shingles
What is another name for a wart Verruca
A small tumor caused by a virus of the HPV is a Wart
This term means baldness Alopecia
A skin lesion that appear where the body rests on the skin that covers bony projections such as spine, heel, elbow, or hips is known as a bed sore or decubitus ulcer or Pressure ulcers
Term for itching Pruritis
another name for shingles Herpes zoster
Created by: maryce