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ch. 11 - 13

Cosimo de' Medici Italian banker and leader of Florence Niccolo Machiavelli Italian writer and politician wrote "The Prince"
renaissance the period of rebirth perspective A way to show depth in a flat surface
humanism the study of history, public speaking, and art Michelangelo Italian renaissance artist he designed buildings, wrote poetry, and created sculptures
Dante Alighieri Italian renaissance poet he wrote the "divine comedy" Leonardo de Vinci genius of the renaissance. He was a painter, sculptor, invento, engineer, town planner, and map maker
Renaissance the period of rebirth Petrarch Early renaissance scholar
Albrecht Durer German renaissance artist he is famous for his prints and woodcuts Desiderius Erasmus Dutch priest he published "In praise of Folly"
Miguel de Cervantes Spanish writer he wrote "Don Quixote" William Shakespeare English Renaissance writer and playwright
Reformation a reform movement against the Roman Catholic church that began in 1517 indulgence A document given by the pope that excuses the person from punishment
purgatory In catholic teaching a place where souls went before heaven Martin Luther German priest credited with starting the reformation
protestants A christian who protested against the catholic church John Calvin Christian reformer he taught about predestination
King Henry VIII King of England he split with the catholic church and declared himself head of the Church of England Catholic Reformation The effort of the late 1500s and 1600s to reform the catholic church
Ignatius of Loyola Spanish noble and saint he founded the society of Jesus Jesuits members of a catholic religious order created to serve the pope of the church
Francis Xavier Jesuit and priest he introduced Catholicism to parts of India and Japan Huguenots A french protestant
Edict of Nantes A decree issued in 1598 by king Henry IV Thirty years war A series of wars from 1618 to 1648
congregation an assembly of people who belong to the church Federalism The sharing of power between local governments and a central government
method a way of doing something agreement like a truce
classical referring to the cultures of ancient Greece or Rome effect to change or influence
scientific revolution a series of events that led to the birth of modern science science a particular way of gaining knowledge
theories an explanation a scientist develops ptolemy
rationalists someone who looks at the world in a reasonable and logical way alchemy a forerunner of chemistry
Nicolaus Copernicus polish astronomer "On the Revolution of the celestial spheres" Tycho Brahe Danish astronomer of the scientific revolution
Johannes Kepler German astronomer he proved that planets orbit the sun Galileo Galilei First scientist to use experiments to test theories.
Sir Isaac Newton English scientist he studied and simplified the work of earlier scientists Barometer A scientific instrument that measures air pressure
Francis Bacon English philosopher he argued that science could be pursued in a systematic logical fashion Rene Descartes French philosopher he believed that northing should be accepted as true
scientific method a step by step method hypothesis a solution scientist proposes to solve a problem
logical reasoned well thought out procedure a series of steps to accomplish a goal
principles basic beliefs, rules
Marco Polo traveler Johann Gutenberg German painter he developed a printing press
interest a fee that borrowers pay for the use of someone elses money Christian humanism the combination of Christian and humanist ideas
Created by: Pandabear<3.