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HHS Genitourinary Sy

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures

digital rectal examination (DRE) Screening test that assesses the rectal wall suraface for lesions or abnormaly firm areas that might indicate cancer
electromyography (EMG) Measures the contraction of muscles that control urination using electrodes palced in the rectum and urethra
testicular self-examination (TSE) Self-examination of the testes for abnormal lumps or swellings in the scrotal sac
urethroscopy Endoscopy of the urethra using a specialized endoscope, typically for lithotripsy or TURP
blood urea nitrogen (BUN) Test that determines the amount of urea nitrogen, a waste product of protein metabolism, present in a blood sample
culture and sensitivity (C&S) Test that determines the causative organism of a disease and how the organism responds to various antibiotics
prostate-specific antigen (PSA) Blood test used to detect prostatic disorders, especially prostatic cancer
semen analysis Test that analyzes a semen sample for volume, sperm count, motility, and morphology to evaluate fertility or verify sterilization after a vasectomy
urinalysis Battery of tests performed on a urine specimen, including a physical observation, chemical tests, and microscopic evaluation
voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) Radiological examination of the bladder and urethra performed before, during, and after voiding using a contrast medium to enhance imaging
dialysis Medical procedure used to filter toxic substances from the patient's bloodstream, such as excess electrolytes and nitrogenous wastes
hemodialysis Method of remobing waste substances from the blood by shunting it from the body, passing it through an artificial kidney machine where it is filtered, and then returning the dialyzed blood to the patient's body
peritoneal Removal of toxic substances from the body by perfusing the peritoneal cavity with a warm, sterile chemical solution
circumcision Removal of all or part of the foreskin, or prepuce, of the penis
orchidectomy Removal of one or both testes; also called orchiectomy
urethrotomy Incision of a urethral stricture
vasectomy Excision of all or a segment of the vas deferens