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chapter 10


ambrasion a wound in which the outer layers of the skin are damaged; a scrape.
abscess a collection of pus in a cavity surrounded by inflamed tissue.
absorbable suture suture material that is gradually digested by tissue enzymes and absorbed by the body.
approximation the process of bringing two parts, such as tissue, together through the use of strures or other means.
bandage a strip of woven material used to wrap or cover a part of the boy
biopsy the surgical removal and examination of tissue from the living body. biopsies are generally performed to determine whether a tumor is benign or milignant.
capillary action the action that causes liquid to rise along the wick, a tube, or a gauze dressing.
colpsocope a lighted insturement with a binocular magnifying lens used to examine the vagina and cervix.
colposcopy the visual examination examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope
contaminate as it relates to sterile technique, to cause a sterile object or surface to become unseterile
contusion an injury to the tissues under the skin that causes blood vessels to rupture, allowing blood to seep into the tissue; bruise
cryosurgery the therapeutic use of freezing temperatures to destroy abnormal tissue
exudate a discharge produced by the bodys tissue
fibroblast an immature cell from which connective tissue can develop
forcepts a two-pronged instrument for grasping and squeezing
furuncle a localized staphylococcal infection that originates deep within a hair follicle. also known as a boil
hemostasis the arrest of bleeding by natural or artificial means
incision a clean cut caused by a cutting insturment
incision a clean cut caused by a cutting instrument
infection the condition in which the body, or part of it,is invaded by a pathogen
infiltration the process by which a substance passes into and is depositeed within the substance of a cell, tissue, or organ
inflammation a protective responce of the body to trauma and the entrance of foreign matter. the purpose of inflammation is to destroy invading microorganisms and to repair injured tissue.
laceration a wound in which the tissue are torn apart, leaving ragged and irregular edges.
ligate to tie off and close a structure such as a servered blood vessel
local anestetic a drug that produces a loss of felling and an inability to perceive pain in only a specific part of the body
mayo tray a broad, flat metal tray placed on a stand and used to hold sterile insturments and supplies when it has been covered with a sterile towl
needle biopsy a type of biopsy in which tissue from deep within the body is obtained by theinsertion of a biopsy needle through the skin
nonabsorbabe suture suture material that is not absorbed by the body and either remains permanently in the body and either remains permanently in the body tissue and becomes encapsulated by fibrous tissue or is removed
postoperative after a surgical operation
preoperative preceding a surgical operation
puncture a wound made by a sharp pointed object piercing the skin
scalpel a sergical knife used to divide tissue
scissors a cutting instrument
sebaceous cyst a thin, closed sac or capsule that contains fatty secretions from a sebaceous gland.
serum the clear, straw-colored part of the blood that remains after the solid elements have been seperated out of it.
sterile free from all microorgansims and bacterial spores
surgical asepsis practice that keeps objects and areas sterile or free from microrganisms.
sutures material used to approximate tissue with surgical stiches
swaged needle a needle with suuring material permanently attached to its end
wound a break in the continuity of an external or internal surface caused by physical means.
Created by: darciascearse