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bkx MUS101 T2 P1

MUS-101 Test #2, Part #1

4 Common Song Forms Carol, strophic, through-composed, modified strophic
Carol A b A b A b A etc. --> Medieval English form alternating a refrain (words and music the same) with a verse (music the same, words different)
Strophic A A A A --> Music for each stanza stays the same as the verses change
Through-composed A B C D --> Music and text change for each section
Modified strophic A A A B --> Primarily strophic form with minor deviation
Narrative text Tells a story
Symbolic text Evokes vague images that are subject to personal interpretation
Meditative text Relates personal struggles, triumphs, failures, etc., often from a first-person perspective
Text painting (word painting) Musical figures that reflect the meaning of a particular word or phrase; common in Renaissance style music
Madrigal Popular composition for several solo voices set to a short poem, often about love; often written for amateur singers; text painting and wordplay were common features; originated in Italy in the 1500s
The Seconda Practica Late 1500s composers begin to dodge common rules of composition for the sake of creating a more expressive bond b/t text & music; Monteverdi criticized for use of dissonance and coins the term "seconda practica"
Girolamo Mei Late 1500s came to the conclusion that the only way to imitate the high emotional content of Greek texts was through singing
Stile Rappresentivo Style in which vocal lines were written to follow the inflections and emotions of human speech
Monody A single voice with sparse, basso continuo accompaniment
Baroque Secular Cantata This form consists of alternate sections of monodic and arioso passages; originated in Italy as an extension of Madrigal style
Commercial music beginnings Madrigal books in 1520's; poetry by Petrarch was especially popular; setting popular poems to popular music was a great money maker for the publishing industry
1700s popular music (18th century) Songs based on short poems; simple songs for entertainment at home; accompanied by guitar or piano
German Romantic lieder Used music, poetry and descriptive imagery to express individual feelings or narrate a story; solo voice with piano; used popular published poetry; romantic subjects like love and the supernatural and so on; piano often sets the mood of the poem
3 Lied Forms Strophic, through-composed, modified strophic
Ballad Longer form; alternated narrative and dialogue; romantic subject matter; lengthy; partnered with piano
Erlkonig 1815 Lied by Franx Schubert, poem by Goethe; triplets (triple division of beat) in piano (galloping horse); 4 different singers (Father-low, Son-high, Erlking-menacing, Narrator-medium)
Song cycle A group of related songs about a single topic, or unified through a story line
Winterreise Song cycle by Franz Schubert about winter's journey
Die Schone Mullerin Song cycle by Franz Schubert about the pretty miller's daughter
Dichterlibe Song cycle by Robert Schumann about a poet's love
Franz Schubert (1797-1828) First great master of Romantic Lieder, bringing together all aspects of song: poetry, melody, and accompaniment
Schubert's Melody Demonstrates great control over melodic material
Schubert's Accompaniment Varies from simple to dramatic and may reflect an image in the poem
Schubert's Harmony Harmony reinforces the poetry
Robert Schumann (1810-1856) Founded Journal for New Music; married piano teacher's daughter; schizo, manic depressive, suicidal; emotional music; urged study of older music; focused on one genre at a time
Schumann's songs Music should capture a poem's essence; focus on love songs can be found in two of his songs from 1840: "A Poet's Love" and "Woman's Love and Life"
Clara Schumann (1819-1896) Similar to husband; long piano pre- and postludes; voice & piano treated as equals
Created by: bamkapowxo