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Apologia GS #12

Sun The source of almost all energy used by living organisms
Producers organisms that produce their own food
Consumers organisms that eat living producers and/or other consumers for food
Herbivore a consumer that eats producers exclusively (only)
Carnivore a consumer that eats only other consumers
Omnivore a consumer that eats both producers and consumers
basal metabolic rate the minimum amount of energy required by the body in a day
combustion reaction the chemical process by which organisms get energy from food
Monosaccharides simple carbohydrates (simple sugars)
Disaccharide formed when two monosaccharides link up
Polysaccharide formed when several monosaccharides link up (such as a starch)
Calorie a unit used to measure energy from the food your body uses
Oxygen Combustion requires this gas
Energy, CO2 and water The products of combustion
Macronutrients What carbohydrates, fats and proteins are called, collectively
Amino acids Protein is made up of these building blocks
Endothermic The scientific word for warm-blooded
Ectothermic The scientific word for cold-blooded
Glycolysis The first step in combustion in living organisms does not require oxygen and is where glucose is broken into two parts
Krebs cycle Two parts of glucose are used to produce energy, CO2 and hydrogen in the presence of oxygen
Electron transport system This part of combustion in living organisms releases the most energy
Mitochondria The powerhouse of the cell where the Krebs cycle and the Electron Transport System is completed
Created by: pinetreeacademy