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Medical Terminology

Digestive System - Chapter 8

Word PartMeaning
amyl/o starch
-ase enzyme
-ation action/ process
bil/i bile
chol/e bile
cirrh/o orange-yellow
de- down/ from/ reversing/ removing
dia- across/ through
dips/o thirst
dys- bad/ difficult
mal- bad/ difficult
-ectomy excision
-emisis vomiting
-emia blood
eu- normal
fruct/o fruit
glycos/o sugar
lact/o milk
lapr/o abdominal wall
lip/o fat (lipid)
lith/o stone
muc/o mucus
-orexia appetite
-ose sugar
-pepsia digestion
periton/o protein
prote/o protein
-rrhea discharge
-stomy formation of an opening
ur/o urine/ urinary tract
vag/o vagus nerve
viscer/o viscera
cheli/o lips
dent/i teeth and mouth
dent/o teeth and mouth
odont/o teeth and mouth
gingiv/o gums
gloss/o tongue
lingu/o tongue
or/o mouth
stomat/o mouth
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
intestin/o intestines (enter/o sometimes small intestine)
duoden/o duodenum (divisions small intestine)
jejun/o jejunum (divisions small intestine)
ile/o ileum
col/o colon (large intestine)
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
cec/o cecum (large intestine)
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon (large intestine)
proct/o anus/ rectum (large intestine)
rect/o revctum (large intestine)
an/o anus (large intestine)
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
hepat/o liver
pancreat/o pancreas
sial/o salivary gland
Created by: Brown