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Bonewit chapter 20

Bacilli(bacillus) Bacteria that have a rod shape
Cocci(Coccus) Bacteria that have a round shape
Colony A mass of baceria growing on a solid culture medium that have arisen from the multiplication of a single bacterium
Contagious Capable of being transmitted directly or indirectly from one person to another
Culture The propagation of a mass of Mo's in labroratory culture medium
Culture medium A mixture of nutrients on which MO's are grown in the laboratory
False neg. A test result denoting that a condition is absent when it is actually present
False positive A tst result denoting that a condition is present when it is actually absent
Fastidious Extremely delicate, difficult to culture, and involving speciliazed growth requirements.
Immunization The process of becoming protected from a disease through vaccination
Incubate In microbiology, the act of placing a culture in a chamber (incubator) that provides optimal growth requirements for the multipication of the orgamisms, such as rhe proper temp, humidity and darkness
Incubation period The interval of time between the invasion by a pathogenic microorganisms and the appearance of first symptoms of the disease
Infectious disease A disease caused by a pathogen that produces harmful effects on its host
Inoculate To introduce MO's into a culture medium for growth and multiplication
Microbiology The scientific study of MO's and their activities
Mucous membrane A membrane lining body passages or cavities that open to the outside
Normal flora Harmless, nonpathogenic MO's that normally reside in many parts of the body but do not cause disease
Resistance The natural ability of an organism to remain unaffected by harmful substances in its environment
Squela A morbid secondary condition occuring as a result of a less serious primary infection
Smear Material spread on a slide for microscopic examination
Specimen A small sample or part taken form the Body to show the nature of the whole
Spirilla bacteria that have a spiral or curved shape
Streaking The process of inoculating a culturee to provide for the growth of colonies on the surface of a solid medium. accomplished by skimming a wire inoculating loop that contains the specimen across the surface of the medium, using a back and fourth motion
Streptolysin An extoxin produced beta-hemolytic strepococci, which completely hemolyzes red blood cells
Susceptible Easily effected, lacking resistance.
Created by: ReganEntler