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Intercultural Comm

Mid Term

Global Village A term coined by Marshall McLuhan in the 1960's that refers to a world which communication technology unties people in remote parts of the world.
Disaportic Groups Ethnic and /or national groups that are geographically dispersed throughout the world.
multiphrenia The spliting of the individual psychologically into multiple selves. EX-we are available for communication via fax, email, phone, txt messaging ect.
digital divide The idea that the haves continue to grow and that the have nots can not get ahead due to their lack of funding for technological devices.
diversity The quality of being different.
immigrants People who come to a new country, region or environment to settle more or less permanently.
enclaves The territories that are surrounded by another countries territory; cultural minority groups that live within a larger cultural groups territory.
colonialism-1 The system by which groups with diverse languages, cultures, religions and identities were untied to four one state, usually by a European power;
ethics Principles of conduct that help govern behaviors of individual sand groups.
ethnocentrism The tendency to think our own cultrues or beliefs are better than or superior to other cultures. This can cause bigotry, racism and ethnic divide.
dialogical approach Focuses on the importance of dialogue in developing and maintaining relationships between indivduals and communities
self-relexivity A process of learnign to understand oneself and ones's position in society.
proxemics The study of how people use personal space.
critical approach A metatheoretical approach that includes many assumptions of interpretive approach but that focuses more on macrocontexts, such as the political and social structures that influence communication.Subjective & are interested in the the historical context.
paradigm A framework that serves as the worldview of researchers. Different paradigms assume different interpretations of reality, human behavior, culture and communication. (Filtering lenses)
etic A term stemming from phonetic. The etic inquiry searches for universal generalizations across cultures from a distance.
social-science (functional) approach 1.There is describable external reality 2.human behavior is predictable 3.Culture is variable and can be measured. (Aims to identify and explain culture variations in communication to predict future communications)
interpretive approach Aims to understand & describe human behavior within spec. cultural groups based on assumptions that 1.human experience is subjective. 2.human behavior is creative not easily predicted 3.Culture is created and maintained through communication.
emic A term stemming from phonemic. The emic way of inquiring focuses on understanding communication patterns from inside a particular cultural community or context.
ethnography/participant observer A research method where investigators interact extensively with the cultural group being studied.
postcolonialism An intellectual, political and cultural movm't that calls for independence of colonialized states and also liberation from colonialist ways of thinking.
cultural/individual (D) You come from a culture however somethings you do or believe just because you are you.
personal/contextual (D) Sometimes you behave based on your own personality, sometimes you are reacting to the situation.
differences/similarities (D) Sometimes we focus on our differences, sometimes we focus on our similiarities.
static/dynamic (D) There are moments when we are stagnant (static), and there are moments when we are in constant change (dynamic.)
history/present-future (D) There are moments when we focus on the history & the past, and moments when we focus on the future (laugh and let go.)
privilege/disadvantage (D) Everyone is a person of privilege and of disadvantage.
culture as heterogenous (Z) Culture is a mix of different and shared experiences.
culture as contested (Z) By understanding the struggles of the have nots we better understand the concerns that they are promoting. Each culture is influxed with a heteorogeneous group of people.
human nature (K&S) (the table)
human relations (K&S) Abuntu- People need ppl to be people.
personality (K&S) You. your demeanor.
time orinetation (K&S) The differences in cultures and their ideas about time. (EX- Mexico is a very here and now kind of place, while Europeans tend to be very focused on the future)
Power distance (Hofstede) The distance between the most powerful and the least powerful in a given culture. (haves vs. have nots)
femininity/masculinity (Hofstede) F:Cooperative, less war, fluid gender roles M:Competitive, more war, rigid gender roles
uncertainty avoidance (Hofstede) Your cultures fear of change (Ex of big fear- China, North Korea)
long-term/short-term (Hofstede) Short-sighted (truth) Vs. Long-term goals(Virtue)
political histories written histories that focus on political events.
intellectual histories Written histories that focus on the development of ideas.
social histories Written histories that focus on everyday life experiences of various groups in the past.
absent histories Any part of history that was not recorded or is missing. Not everything that happened in the past is accessible to us today because only some voices were documented and only some perspectives were recorded.
family histories Histories of families that are typically passed down through oral stories.
national histories A body of knowledge based on past events that influenced a country's development.
cultural-group histories The history of each cultural group within a nation that includes: the history of where the group originated, why the people migrated, and how they came to develop and maintain their cultural traits.
identity the cultures and belief systems that we identify with.
internment vs concentration camps Internment camps are just where people go to be held, concentration camps have a negative connontation.
grand narrative A unified history and veiw of humankind
gender histories The histories of how cultural convention sof men and women are created, maintained and/or altered.
sexual orientation histories The historical experiences of gays and lesbians.(Ex-WWII Nazi's)
socioeconomic class histories The kinds of employment that immigrants supplied and the regions they settled were often marked by the kids of capital that they were or were not able to bring with them. (Culturally and financially)
contact hypothesis If you enter into relationships with people then people will be better.
Sapir-wharf hypothesis every culture has a collection of words. Words tell us what it means to live in that culture. Ex- Eskimos have 20 words for snow. People in 3rd world cultures may not have words for technological devices.
Colonialism-2 the system by which a country maintains power over other countries or groups of people to exploit them economically, politically and culturally.
Culture as dynamic (Z) Cultural beliefs and ideas are always changing, what we viewed as acceptable behavior 50 or a 100 years ago we many not veiw as acceptable now.
human and nature (K&S) Do we live in harmony with nature such as the American Indians and the Japanese or do we control nature by rerouting streams and forming rain clouds?
Created by: lynette.thorpe