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Bloom Ch 7

Bacteria and Viruses

Microscopic prokaryotes. Bacterium
Long whiplike structures in many bacteria. Flagella
Cell division that forms 2 genetically identical cells. Fission
During ________ two bacteria of the same species attach to each other and combine their genetic material. Conjugation
Froms when a bacterium builds a thick internal wall around its chromosome and part of the cytoplasm. Endospore
The breaking down of dead organisms and organic waste. Decomposition
The conversion fo atmospheric nitrogen into nitrogen compounds that are usable by living things. Nitrogen fixation
The use of organisms, such as bacteria, to clean up environmental pollution. Bioremediation
Agents that cause disease. Pathogens
Medicines that stop the growth and reproduction of bacteria. Antibiotics
A process of heating food to a temperature that kills most harmful bacteria. Pasteurization
A strand of DNA or RNA surrounded by a layer of protein that can infect and replicate in a host cell. Virus
A protein that can attach to a pathogen and make it useless. Antibody
A mixture containing material from one or more deactivated pathogens, such as viruses. Vaccine
kyler Haupt
Created by: kjh