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# BAS Digestive

Col/o colon; large intestine
Chol/e, cyst/o Gallbladder
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
hepat/o liver
pancreat/o pancreas
pharyng/o throat
duodenum 1st part of small intestine: receives digestive proteins from p;ancreas
Jejunum Absorbs digested food
Ileum carries undigested material to large intestine.
Large colon Has three parts that form feces. Ascending, transverse, and descending.
Stomach digests, mixes food with acid, pepsin and other digestive proteins.
Liver Processes fats, detoxifies the blood.
Gallbladder Stores bile. passes bile into duodenum when you eat.
Pancreas makes insulin and glucagon makes digestive proteins
insulin lowers the blood sugar
glucagon inhibits insulin
appendix lymphoid tissue. Protective for the body.
Hepatitis inflammation of the liver.
Tests for hepatitis blood test for bilirubin and enzymes release when liver is damaged. Urinalysis shows high bilirubin.
Pancreatitis Pancreas inflammation. Pancreas duct is blocked and tube is being digested by the digestive proteins.
cholecystitis gall stones
hemorrhoids rectum has inflamed veins.
appendicitis Inflammation of the appendix.
epiglottis tissue that covers the trachea when you swallow food.
bolus mixture of chewed food and saliva
Chyme liquid form of digested food.
BM Bowel Movement
IBD Irritable bowel disease
GERD Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (heartburn)
NPO Nothing by mouth. The patient must be fasting.
mastication chewing
deglutition swallowing
Tonsils Protective tissues of the immune system.
peristalsis muscular contractions that move material in the digestive tract.
cholangi/o bile vessel
cholecyst/o gallbladder
gloss/o tongue
gluc/o glucoseq
glyc/o sugar
glycogen/o glycogen;a very large glucose molecule stored by the liver.
ile/o ileum
jejun/o jejunum
labi/o lip
lingu/o tongue
or/o mouth
proct/o anus, rectum
pylor/o pylorus
rect/o rectum
sial/o saliva, salivary gland
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
steat/o fats
stomat/o mouth
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
NG nasogastric
NPO nothing by mouth
SGOT Blood test. Liver enzyme.
SGPT Blood test. Liver enzyme.
-centesis removal of fluid
lith/o stone
-tripsy to crush
-otomy surgical opening
-plasty surgical repair
Created by: rjmtoss