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Notebook Test #5

Gilmore Hydrosphere Unit- Feb. 13-17

panthalassa one giant body of ocean water
pangaea one giant landmass of continents
salinity measure of the amount of dissolved solids in a given amount of liquid
temperature measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles (how hot or cold)
heat a form of energy that transfers an amount of particles
sea level level of the oceans surface
sea parts of the global ocean that is partly surrounded by land
What does SONAR stand for? sound navigation and ranging
tectonic plates enormous slabs of the earth's crust and rigid upper mantle that move in different directions and at different rates over earth's surface
bathymetric profile map of the ocean's floor that shows the ocean's depth
desalination removal of salt from water
food chain diagram that shows how energy in food flows from one organism to another
food web diagram that shows the feeding relationships between organisms in an ecosystem
latitude a locations distance north or south of the equator, runs east to west, and reads north to south
longitude a locations distance east or west of the prime meridian, run north to south , read east to west
coordinates set of numbers that describes where something is located
Why is it better to water your lawn at night instead of during the day? less water will be lost to evaporation
Which feature is common in youthful river channels? rapids
Which of the following is a clear example of point source pollution? oil spill from a wrecked supertanker
During primary treatment at a sewage treatment plant... dirty water is passed through a large section
Nape the back of your neck
Oxymoron a short phrase in which the words seem to contradict each other
permafrost a deep subsoil
quasar a massive and extremely remote celestial object, emitting exceptionally large amounts of energy( radio waves) and typically having a star like image.
What percent of the earth's surface is covered with water? 71% of the Earth's surface is covered with water
What are the 4 divisions of the global ocean? Pacific Ocean Atlantic Ocean Indian Ocean Artic Ocean
How did the oceans form? The oceans formed after the gases from the volcanoes formed the atmosphere. Earth cooled downed, and let water vapor to condense. Then the water began to precipitate, forming the oceans.
How are the gases in the atmosphere related to the gases in the oceans? Nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide are both in the atmosphere and the oceans.
How do end up with salt in our oceans? The rivers and streams dissolve minerals, such as sodium, and flows into the ocean and dissolves with chlorine. This process makes salt in the oceans.
What is salinity? Salinity is the measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount of liquid.
How does climate effect salinity? The higher the temperature, the higher the salinity level. The humid places with lower temperatures, have lower salinity levels.
What is the ocean's most important function? The ocean's most important function is to stabilize the Earth's weather.
What technologies are currently being used to gain information about the ocean.
Created by: vish0298