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CHAPTER 19 ; ♥


Active Aquired Immunity a form of long-term aquired immunity that protects the body against a new infection
Apical Pulse the heart rate as heard with a stethescope place on the chest wall adjacent to the top of the heart
Apnea absence of spontaneous respiration
Axillary Temperature the body temp from a thermometer in the armpit
Congenital born with it
Crackles respiratory sound heard on the auscultation of the chest during inspiration
Cyanosis bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
Deciduous Teeth baby teeth; primary teeth
Dentition eruption of teeth
Febrile pertaining to or characterized by an elevated body temp
Friction Rub a dry, grating sound heard with a stethescope during auscultation.
Growth increase in teh whole or any of it's parts physically
Grunting abnormal, short audible deep, hoarse sounds in exhalation that often accompany severe chest pain
Head Circumference the circumference of the head of an infant.
Hydrocephalus a pathological condition. accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid under increased pressure.
Immunity the quality of being unaffected by a particular disease or condition
Immunization process by which resistance to an infectious disease is induced
Infant child who is in the earliest stage of extrauterine life
Length (Recumbent) measurement of the distance from the crown of the infant's head to the infant's heel.
Lumbar Puncture introduction of a needle into the space of the lumbar portion
Microcephalus small head
Natural Immunity innate & permanent form of immunity to a disease
Neonatologist medical doctor who specializes in neonatology
Neonatology medical specialty concerned with the disease and abnormalities of the newborn
Nomogram graph
Omphalitis inflammation of the umbilical stump
Omphalocele congenital herniation of the intra-abdominal viscera through a defect in the abdominal wall around the belly button
Omphalorrhea drainage from the umbilicus
Oral Temperature thermometer placed in the mouth
Pediatrician physician who specializes in pediatrics
Pediatric Nurse Practitioner RN with advanced study & clinical practice in pediatric nursing
Pediatrics treatment of children
Pyrexia fever
Rectal Temperature temperature in the rectum
Recumbent lying down
Retraction displacement of tissues to expose a part or structure of the body
Stridor high-pitched, musical sound, obstruction in the trachea or larynx.
Tympanic Temperature body temp as measured electronically at the tympanic membrane
Vaccine suspension of attenuated or killed microorganisms
Vertex the top of the head; crown
Well-Child Visit routine health visit which health professionals assess the current health status of the child.
Chicken Pox (Varicella) sudden onset of slight fever, successive eruptions of macules, papules, and vesicles on the skin.
Diphtheria serious infectious disease affecting the nose, pharynx, or larynx- sore throat & dysphonia.
Erythema Infectiosum FIFTH DISEASE. "Slapped Cheeks"
Impetigo contagious skin infection characterized by serous vesicles and pustules filled with millions of streptococcus bacteria; usually forming on the face
Mumps (Infectious Parotitis) fever, swelling, and tenderness of one of more salivary glands
Pertussis (Whooping Cough) acute upper respiratory infectious disease caused by bacterium Bordetella Pertussis.
Rubella (German Measles; 3-day measles) infectious disease resembling both scarlet fever and measles, but differing from these in it's short course.
Rubeola ("red measles" 7-day measles) begins as an upper respiratory disorder with fever, sore throat, cough, runny nose, sensitivity to light, and possible conjunctivitis.
Scarlet Fever strawberry tongue
Asthma paroxysmal dyspnea accompanied by wheezing caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes
Cleft Lip open space between the nasal cavity and the lip, due to failure of the soft tissue and bones in this area
Croup barking cough
Cryptorchidism the absence of one or both testicles or both.
Down Syndrome Trisomy 21. Mental retardation, low set ears, short broad appearance to the head, protruding tongue, short thick neck. poor muscle tone.
Epispadias birth defect in which the urethra opens on the upper side of the penis
Gigantism overgrowth of the human growth hormone before puberty
Hyaline Membrane Disease severe impairment of the function of respiration in the premature newborn.
Hydrocele accumulation of fluid in any saclike cavity or duct, found in scrotal sac.
Hydrocephalus abnormal increase of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain
Hypospadias birth defect in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis instead of at the end.
Intussusception telescoping of a portion of proximal intestine into distal intestine, causing an obstruction
Patent Ductus Arteriosus abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta.
Phimosis tightness of the foreskin of the penis, prevents it from being pulled back.
Reye's Syndrome syndrome marked by severe edema of the brain and increased intracranial pressure, hypoglycemia, and fatty infiltration and dysfunction of the liver.
Spina Bifida Occulta central nervous system in which the back portion of one or more vertebrae is not closed.
Suddent Infant Death Syndrome completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently well, or virtually well, infant.
Tay-Sachs Disease caused by altered lipid metabolism due to the enzyme deficiency. occurs in the families of Eastern European Jewish origin.
Umbilical Hernia outward protrusion around the belly button.
Heel Puncture blood sample from a newborn by making a shallow puncture of the area of the plantar surface of the heel; "heel stick"
Created by: kmariemurray