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Bonewit chap 20

Troy Schultz #37 end of chapter 20 terms

bacilli bacteria that has a rod shape.
cocci bacteria that has a round shape.
colony mass of bacteria growing on a solid culture medium that have arisen from the multiplication of a single bacterium.
contagious capable of being transmitted directly or indirectly from one person to another.
culture propagation of a mass of MO's in a lab culture medium.
culture medium mixture of nutrients on which MO's are grown in the lab.
false negative test result denoting that a condition is absent when it is actually present
false positive test result denoting that a condition is present when it is actually absent
fastidious extremely delicate, difficult to culture, and involving specialized growth requirements
immunization process of becoming protected from a disease through vaccination
incubate in microbiology, the act of placing a culture in a chamber(incubator) that provides optimal growth requirements for the multiplication of the organisms such as the proper temperature, humidity, and darkness.
incubation period interval of time between the invasion by a pathogenic MO and the appearance of first Sx of the disease
infectious disease disease caused by a pathogen that produces harmful effects on its host
inoculate to introduce MOs into a culture medium for growth and multiplication
microbiology scientific study of MOs and their activities
Mucous membrane membrane lining body passages or cavities that open to the outside
Normal flora harmless, nonpathogenic MOs that normally reside in many parts of the body but do not cause disease
resistance natural ability of an organism to remain unaffected by harmful substances in it environment
sequela morbid (secondary) condition occurring as a result of a less serious primary infections
smear material spread on a slide for microscopic examination
specimen small sample or part taken from the body to show the natural of the whole
spirilla bacteria that have a spiral or curved shape
streaking in microbiology, the process of inoculation a culture to provide for the growth of colonies on the surface of a solid medium
streptolysin exotoxin produced by beta-hemolytic streptococci, which completely hemolyzes red blood cells
susceptible easily affected, lacking resistance
Created by: troyschultz