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Stack #85535, Ch 12

Chabner Ch 12 WWC JJ

adenoid/o adenoids (= collection of lymph tissue in the nasopharynx)
alveol/o alveolus; air sac in the lung
bronch/o bronchial tube; bronchus (= branch of the trachea/windpipe that is a passageway into the lungs)
bronchi/o Plural; bronchial tube; bronchus (= branch of the trachea/windpipe that is a passageway into the lungs)
bronchiol/o bronchiole; small bronchus
capn/o carbon dioxide
coni/o dust
cyan/o blue
epiglott/o epiglottis (= lid-like piece of cartilage the covers the larynx, preventing food from entering the larynx and trachea during swallowing)
hydr/o water
laryng/o larynx; voice box
lob/o lobe of the lung
medianstin/o mediastinum (= region between the lunds in the chest cavity)
nas/o nose
or/o mouth
orth/o straight; upright
ox/o oxygen
pector/o chest
pharyng/o pharynx; throat
phon/o voice
phren/o diaphragm
pleur/o pleura (= double-folded membrane surrounding each lung
pneum/o air, lung
pneumon/o air, lung
pulmon/o lung
py/o pus
rhin/o nose
sinus/o sinus, cavity
spir/o breathing
tel/o complete
thorac/o chest
tonsill/o tonsils
trache/o trachea; windpipe
-algia pain
-capnia carbon dioxide
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-dynia pain
-ectasis stretching; dilation; expansion
-ectomy removal; excision; resection
-ema condition
-lysis breakdown; destruction
-osmia smell
-oxia oxygen
-phonia voice; sound
-plasty surgical repair
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
-rrhea discharge; flow
-scopy visual examination with an instrument
-sphyxia pulse
-stenosis tightening; stricture
-stomy new opening (to form a mouth)
-thorax chest; pleural cavity
-tomy process of cutting
-trophy nourishment; development
a-; an- no; not; without
brady- slow
dys- painful; difficult; abnormal; bad
em- in
eu- good; normal
ex- out; away from
hyper- above; excessive
hypo- deficient; below; under; less than normal
para- near; beside; abnormal; apart from; along the side of
per- through
re- back; again; backward
tachy- fast
adenoidectomy removal of adenoids
adenoid hypertrophy excessive development (enlargement) of adenoids
alveolar pertaining to an alveolus (= air sac)
bronchospasm involuntary contraction of muscles in the walls of bronchial tubes
bronchiectasis dilation of bronchial tubes
bronchodilator a substance (chemical or drug) that widens bronchial tubes to make breathing easier
bronchiolitis inflammation of bronchioles
hypercapnia excessive carbon dioxide in the blood
pneumoconiosis abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
cyanosis condition of bluish coloration of skin caused by decreased oxygen in the blood
epiglottitis inflammation of the epiglottis
laryngeal pertaining to the larynx
laryngospasm contraction of the muscles of the larynx
laryngitis inflammation of the voice box.
lobectomy removal of a lobe (of the lung).
mediastinoscopy visual examination of the mediastinum (with an instrument)
paranasal sinuses pertaining to spaces in the skull that are near, alongside the nose and nasal cavities
nasogastric intubation tube placed from the nose into the stomach
orthopnea breathing discomfort in any position but erect, sitting, or standing straight
hypoxia deficiency of oxygen (anoxia) due to decreased oxygen in blood
expectoration expulsion of material (mucus or phlegm
pharyngeal pertaining to the throat
dysphonia difficult (abnormal) voice; hoarseness or any voice impairment
phrenic nerve nerve carrying messages from the brain to the diaphragm
pleurodynia pain associated with inflammation of irritation of pleura (or pain from intercostal muscles)
pleural effusion fluid collects in the pleural cavity (space)
pneumothorax air within the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs
pneumonectomy removal of a lung
pulmonary pertaining to lungs
rhinorrhea discharge from the nose.
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
sinusitis inflammation of sinuses
spirometer instrument to measure breathing (the air taken into and exhaled from the lungs)
expiration the expulsion of air from the lungs
respiration breathing (inspiration and expiration)
atelectasis incomplete expansion of a lung (collapsed lung).
thoracotomy incision of the chest
thoracic pertaining to the chest
tonsillectomy removal of tonsils
tracheotomy incision of the trachea
tracheal stenosis pertaining to narrowing of the trachea
empyema pus in the pleural cavity
anosmia absence of the sense of smell
apnea stoppage of breathing
dyspnea difficult breathing
hyperpnea increase in depth of breathing
tachypnea increase in rate of breathing; shallow respirations
hemoptysis spitting up blood
asphyxia decrease in the amount of oxygen and increase in amount of carbon dioxide in the blood, leading to absence of pulse
hemothorax blood in the pleural cavity; seen in pneumonia, tuberculosis, or carcinoma
pyothorax pus in the pleural cavity (empyema of the chest).
auscultation listening to sounds within the body
sputum material expelled from the chest by coughing or clearing the throat
stridor strained, high-pitched, noisy sound made on inspiration; associated with obstruction of the larynx or trachea
diphtheria acute infection of the throat an dupper respiratory tract caused by the diphtheria bacterium (corynebacterium)
epistaxis nosebleed
asthma chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by airway obstruction caused by edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production
bronchiectasis chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection of the lower lobes of the lung
bronchogenic carcinoma lung cancer; cancerous tumors arising from a bronchus
chronic bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi persisting over a long time
atelectasis incomplete (atel/o) expansion (-ectasis) of alveoli; collapsed, functionless, airless lung or portion of a lung; caused by tumor or other obstruction of the bronchus, or poor respiratory effort
emphysema hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
pneumoconiosis abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation, infection, and bronchitis; includes anthracosis from coal dust, asbestosis from asbestos, and silicosis from silica or glass dust
pneumonia acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of inflammatory reaction
pulmonary abscess large collection of pus (bacterial infection) in the lungs
pulmonary edema swelling and fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
pulmonary embolism (PE) clot (thrombus) or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
pulmonary fibrosis formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lung
sarcoidosis chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause in which small nodules or tubercles develop in the lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs
pleural effusion abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space (cavity)
pleurisy (pleuritis) inflammation of the pleura
pneumothorax collection of air in the pleural space
bronchoscopy fiber-optic or rigid endoscope inserted into the bronchial tubes for diagnosis, biopsy, or collection of specimens
endotracheal intubation placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx, and trachea to establish an airway
laryngoscopy visual examination of the voicebox (with an instrument)
mediastinoscopy endoscopic visual examination of the mediastinum (with an instrument)
thoracentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space
thoracotomy major surgical incision of the chest
tracheostomy creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck
Created by: jjanis1