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The Muscular System

bi twice, double, two
cele hernia, tumor, swelling
desis surgical fixation of bone or joint, to bind, tie together
fasci/o fascia, fibrous band
ia abnormal condition, disease, plural of
ic pertaining to
kinesi/o movement
lysis breakdown, separation, setting free, destruction, loosening
my/o muscle
plegia paralysis, stroke
rrhexis rupture
tax/o coordination, order
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o tendon, stretch out, extend, strain
ton/o tension, tone, stretching
tri three
abduction Movement away from the midline
Achilles tendinitis Inflammation of the Achilles tendon
adhesion A band fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally
atrophy weakness and wasting away
atropine Antispasmodic that may be administered preoperatively to relax smooth muscles
cardioplegia Paralysis of the muscles of the heart
carpal tunnel syndrome Inflammation of the tendons passing through the carpal tunnel of the wrist
claudication An aching, crampy, tired, and sometimes burning pain in the legs that comes and goes
contracture Abnormal shortening of muscle tissues, making the muscle resistant to stretching
ergonomics Study of human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment
fasciitis Inflammation of a fascia
fasciotomy Surgical incision of fascia
fibromyalgia syndrome A chronic disorder of unknown cause characterized by widespread aching pain, tender points, and fatigue
kinesiology The study of muscular activity and the resulting movement of body parts
muscular dystrophy A group of inherited muscle disorders that cause muscle weakness without affecting the nervous system
myalgia Muscle tenderness or pain
myofascial Tenderness and swelling of the muscles and their surrounding tissues that is caused by overworking the muscles
oblique slanted or at an angle
paraplegia Paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body
pronation The act of rotating the arm or leg so that the palm of the hand or sole of the foot is turned downward or backward
quadriplegia Paralysis of all four extremities
sphincter A ringlike muscle that tightly constricts the opening of a passageway
supination The act of rotating the arm or the leg so that the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot is turned forward or upward
tendonitis Inflammation of the tendons caused by excessive or unusual use of the joint
tenectomy Surgical removal of a lesion from a tendon or tendon sheath
tenodesis to suture the end of a tendon to bone
tenolysis To free a tendon from adhesions
tenonectomy Surgical removal of part of a tendon for the purpose of shortening it
fracture broken bone
Created by: SuDoku4lif