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abbrevs, prefixes, suffixes, etc.

amni/o amnion (amniotic sac)
cervic/o cervix uteri (neck of the uterus)
colp/o Vagina
vagin/o Vagina
galact/o Milk
Lact/o Milk
gynect/o Woman,female
hyster/o Uterus(womb)
metri/o Uterus(womb)
uter/o Uterus(womb)
mamm/o Breast
mast/o Breast
men/o Menses (menstruation)
metr/o Uterus(womb)
nat/o Birth
oophor/o ovary
ovari/o Ovary
perine/o Perineum
salping/o Tube (Fallopian)
-arche Beginning
-cyesis Pregnancy
-gravida Pregnant woman
-para to bear (offspring)
-salpinx Tube (Fallopian)
-tocia Childbirth, Labor
-version Turning
ante- Before, In front of
dys- Bad,Painful,Difficult
endo- In, Within
multi- Many,Much
post- After
primi- First
The female reproductive organs include: Ovaries, Fallopian Tubes, Uterus and Vagina
The female reproductive organs are designed to: Produce ova (female reproductive cells)
Almond-shaped glands located in the pelvis cavity: Ovaries ; one on each sided of the uterus. Contains thousands of tiny, sac-like structures called Graafian Follicles, each containing an ovum.
Graafian Follicles: Thousands of tiny sac-like structures, each containing an ovum. *Inside the Ovary*
Corpus Luteum: Ovarian scar tissue that results from rupturing of a follicle during ovulation and becomes a small yellow body that produces progesterone after ovulation.
Dyspareunia: Occurence of pain during sexual intercourse.
amniocentesis: Transabdominal puncture of the amiotic sac under ultrasound guidance using a needle and syringe to remove amniotic fluid
Laparoscopy: Visual examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope through one or more small incisions in the abdominal wall, usually at the umbilicus.
insufflation: Delivery of pressurized air or gas into a cavity,chamber, or organ to allow visual examination, remove an obstruction, or apply medication.
Colposcopy: Visual examination of the vagina and cervix with an optical magnifying instrument (colposcope)
Endometrial Biopsy: Removal of a sample of uterine endometrium for microscopic study.
Papanicolaou (Pap) test: Cytological study used to detect abnormal cells sloughed from the cervix and vagina, usually obtained during routine pelvic examination.
Mammography: Radiographic examination of the breast to screen for breast cancer.
Hysterosalpingography: Radiography of the uterus and uterine tubes (oviducts) following injection of a contrast medium.
Ultrasonography (US): Process by which high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) produce and display an image from reflected "echoes" on a monitor;also called ultrasound,sonography, and echo.
Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS) Sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects.
Colpocleisis: Surgical closure of the vaginal canal.
Cordocentesis: Sampling of fetal blood drawn from the umbilical vein and performed under ultrasound guidance.
Cryosurgery: Process of freezing tissue to destroy cells; also called cryocautery.
Episiorrhaphy: Repair of a lacerated vulva or an episiotomy.
Cerclage: Suturing the cervix to prevent it from dilating prematurely during pregnancy, thus decreasing the cnahce of a spontaneous abortion. The sutures are removed prior to delivery.
Conization: Excision of a cone-shaped piece of tissue, such as mucosa of the cervix, for histological examination.
Cryosurgery: Process of freezing tissue to destroy cells; also called cryocautery.
Dilatation and curettage (D&C): Widening of the cervical canal with a dilator and scraping of the uterine endometrium with a curette.
Estrogens: Treat symptoms of menopause(hot flashes, vaginal dryness, fatigue) through hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
Oral Contraceptives: Prevent ovulation.
Episiotomy: Incision of the perineum from the vaginal orifice usually done to prevent tearing of the tissue and to facilitate childbirth.
Oxytocics: Induce labor at term by increasing the strength and frequency of uterine contractions.
Prostaglandins: Terminate pregnancy.
Tranverse Rectus Abdominis Muscle (TRAM)flap: Surgical creation of a skin flap using skin and fat from the lower half of the abdomen which is passed under the skin to the breast and sutured into place.
Antigungals: Treat vaginal yeast infection by altering the yeast cell membrane or interfering with a metabolic process.
FSH: Follicle-Stimulating Hormone
G: Gravida (Pregnant)
GC: Gonococcus (Neisseria Gonorrhoeae)
GYN: Gynecology
Oral Contraceptives: Prevent ovulation.
HSV: Herpes Simplex Virus
Prostaglandins: Terminate pregnancy.
IUD: Intrauterine Device
AB;Ab,ab: Antibody;Abortion
CPD: Cephalopelvic Disproportion
CS, C-section: Cesarean Section
CVS: Chorionic Villus Sampling
CWP: Childbirth Without Pain
BSE: Breast Self-Examination
VD: Venereal Disease
CA: Cancer
TVH: Total Vaginal Hysterectomy
D&C: Dilatation (Dilation) and Curettage
TRAM: Transverse Rectus Abdominis Muscle
DUB: Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
HRT: Hormone Replacement Therapy
HSG: Hysterosalpingography
IUD: Intrauterine Device
CVS: Chorionic Villus Sampling
CWP: Childbirth Without Pain
VD: Venereal Disease
TVH: Total Vaginal Hysterectomy
TAH: Total Abdominal Hysterectomy
STD: Sexually Transmitted Disease
RSO: Right Salpingo-oophorectomy
PMS: Premenstraul Syndrome
PMP: Previous Menstrual Period
PID: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Pap: Papanicolaou smear
OCPs: Oral Contraceptive Pills
LSO: Left Salpingo-oophorectomy
LMP: Last Menstrual Period
LH: Luteinizing Hormone
FECG,FEKG: Fetal Electrocardiogram
FHR: Fetal Heart Rate
LBW: Low Birth Weight
FHT: Fetal Heart Tone
NB: Newborn
OB: Obstetrics
FTND: Full-Term Normal Delivery
para 1,2,3 and so on: Unipara,Bipara,Tripara (Number of viable births)
IUGR: Intrauterine Growth Rate: Intrauterine Growth Retardation
UC: Uterine Contractions
IVF-ET: In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer
The hormone responsible for ovulation is: Lutenizing Hormone
The Myometrium is the _____ layer of the uterus: Muscle and Middle layer
a PAP smear is used to detect abnormal cells in the: Cervix
Nullipara: A woman who has never produced a live offspring.
The gland found outside the vagina orifice is called: Bartholins Glands
Implantation takes place in the: Uterus
PMS occurs in day 15-28: True
Endometrial tissue outside the uterus: Endometriosis
Excision of the tissue, cervix for examination: Conization
Candidiasis: Vaginitis
Exam of the abdominal cavity using endoscope: Laparoscopy
Visual exam of vagina & cervix with optical instrument: Colposcopy
Menorragia: Can indicate endocrine dysfunction
Dysmenorrhea: Painful/Difficult menstruation
Most damaging STI: Chlamydia
Fungal infection: Candidiasis
Metrorrhagia: Bleeding between periods/after menopause
Parturition: Process of giving birth
Osteoporosis: Porous Bones
Vaginismus: Painful spasms of the vagina
Oxytocin: Medication to cause contractions of the uterus
Gynecomastia: Female breasts in males
Adnexa: Accessory part of a structure
Kernicterus: Serious condition involving brain damage
Menarche: Beginning of menstruation
Episiotomy: Incision into the perineum
Fibroids: Benign uterine tumours
Placenta Previa: Placenta is attached near cervix, subject to rupture
R/O: Rule Out
MH: Marital History
ERT: Estrogen Replacement Therapy
-centesis Surgical Puncture
ab- away from, from
labi/o Lip, Labia
ov/o,iv/i Egg
lapar/o Abdomen
episi/o Vulva
-uria urine condition
peritone/o Peritoneum
-tropin stimulating
XY: Male sex chromosone
XX: Female sex chromosone