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Patho Term Test 2

Term Test 2

DNA Nucleic acid containing an individuals genes
GENES Region of DNA that codes for a protein
ALLELES Different forms of a gene
DOMINANT An allele that is always expressed
RECESSIVE An allele that "can" be hidden
HOMOZYGOUS Having 2 of the same alleles for a gene
HETEROZYGOUS Having different alleles for a gene
EXPRESSED The allele we can see evidence of
PHENOTYPE Describes characteristics as a result of a certain genotype
CHROMOSOMES Combination of DNA proteins found inside a cell going through mitosis
AUTOSOMES Chromosome pair 1-22
SEX CHROMOSOMES Chromosome pair 23 in humans
KARYOTYPE Microscopic appearance of chromosomes
DIPLOID Having the normal 23 pairs of chromosomes
ANEUPLOID Having an abnormal number of chromosomes
MONOSOMY Missing a chromosome
TRISOMY Having an extra copy of a chromosome
Hematocrit percentage of blood volume occupied by red blood cells
MCV Average size of a RBC
ANEMIAS Diseases that decrease the ability of blood to carry oxygen
LEUKEMIAS Diseases causing dramatic increase in number of leukoblasts
POLYCYTHEMIA Having abnormally high number of erythrocytes
PANCYTOPENIA A decreased number of ALL normal blood cells
Eurythrocytopenia decrease in number of red blood cells
Leukopenia decrease in number of white blood cells
Thrombocytopenia low number of platelets
Hemophilia decrease in activity in a clotting factor
Thallasemias genetic anemia, resulting in decreased synthesis of globin
Intrinsic Factor Factor from within the body,
Extrinsic factor factor coming from outside the body, ex b12
Auscultation Diagnostic procedure that listens to body sounds
Echocardiography Ultrasound of the heart
Stress test electrocardiogram performed while heart rate is elevated
Angiography Contrast x-ray showing circulation
Cardiac Markers Proteins released from damaged cardiac tissue
Normal Sinus Rhythm Having a normal heart rate
Bradycardia Heart rate less than 60 bpm
Tachycardia Heart rate greater than 100 bpm
Valvular incompetence Inability for a valve to open/close properly
Valvular Stenosis Inability to open completely
Valvular Prolapse When an AV valve swings into atrium when it should be closed
Atherosclerosis Buildup of plaque in blood vessels
Arteriosclerosis Hardening of arteries
Arteriostenosis Narrowing of arteries
Ischemia Local decrease in blood flow due to obstruction
Angina Pectoris Chest pains as a result of myocardial ischemia
Myocardial infarctions Ischemic necrosis of heart muscle (heart attack)
TIA Temporary decrease in cerebral function as result of ischemia.
Cerebral infarction (Stroke) ischemic necrosis of the cerebrum
Secondary Hypertension Chronic high blood pressure, complication of another condition
Primary Hypertention Chronic high blood pressure, unknown origin
Aneurysm Localized dilation of artery or chamber, resulting in weakness of a wall
Hemoptysis Coughing up blood from lungs
Hypoxia A lack of oxygen
Hypercapnea An excess of carbon dioxide
Respiratory Acidosis Decrease in pH of body fluids from CO2 buildup
Atelectasis Partial/complete collapse of lung tissue
Pneumothorax Presence of air between visceral and parietal pleura
Bullae Group of over-inflated alveoli
Ulcer Lesion through the skin or mucous membrane
Peptic Ulcer lesion caused by pepsin
Duodenal Ulcer Lesion in duodenum lining
Gastric Ulcer Lesion in stomach lining
Esophageal Ulcer Lesion in the esophagus
Diverticulum Pouch or sac develops off a tubular structure like the instestine
Diverticulitis Inflammation of pouch or sac
Diverticulosis Presence of diverticula in intestine
Cholelithiasis Presence of stones in gall bladder or biliary ducts
Neuropathy Disease of nervous tissue
Myopathy Disease of muscle tissue
Intravenous Pyelogram Contrast xray showing structures that carry urine
BUN Blood test to indicate kidney function, measures Urea
Creatine Clearance Measure of kidney function, measures creatinine excreted in urine vs creatinine in blood
Cystoscopy Using an endoscope to examine the Bladder
Created by: fieldstodda