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Stack #84818, Ch 7

Chabner Ch 7 WWC JJ

albumin/o albumin, a blood protein
angi/o vessel (blood)
arteri/o artery
azot/o nitrogen
bacteri/o bacteria
cali/o calyx (calix) = cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis
calic/o calyx (calix) = cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis
cyst/o urinary bladder
dips/o thirst
glomerul/o glomerulus = collection of capillaries
glyc/o glucose, sugar
glycos/o glucose, sugar
hydr/o water
isch/o to hold back
ket/o ketone bodies (ketoacids and acetone)
keton/o ketone bodies (ketoacids and acetone)
lith/o stone
meat/o meatus = opening or canal
necr/o death
nephr/o kidney
noct/i night
olig/o scanty
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis
ren/o kidney
tom/o to cut
tox/o poison
trigon/o trigone (triangular region of the bladder where ureters enter and urethra exits)
ur/o urine (urea)
ureter/o ureter = tube from each kidney to urinary bladder
urethr/o urethra = tube from urinary bladder to outside of the body
urin/o urine = waste fluid composed of water, salts, & acids
vesic/o urinary bladder
-ectasis stretching, dilation, expansion
-emia blood condition
-lithiasis condition of stones
-lithotomy incision (for removal) of stones
-lysis breakdown, destruction
-megaly enlargement
-ole little, small
-plasty surgical repair
-poietin substance that forms
-ptosis droop, prolapse, fall
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow, discharge
-sclerosis hardening
-spasm sudden contraction of muscles
-stenosis tightening, stricture
-stomy new opening (to form a mouth)
-tomy process of cutting
-tripsy to crush
-trophy nourishment; development
-ule little; small
-uria urination; condition of urine
a-, an- no; not; without
anti- against
dia- complete; through
dys- bad; painful; difficult; abnormal
en- in; within
peri- surrounding
poly- many; much
retro- behind; back; backward
Bowman capsule tiny structure surrounding each glomerulus; receives filtered materials from blood
calices cup-like divisions of the renal pelvis that receive urine from the renal tubules
cortex outer region of the kidney
glomerulus collection of capillaries through which materials from the blood are filtered into the Bowman capsule
medulla inner (middle) region of the kidney
renal pelvis central urine-collecting basin in the kidney that narrows into the ureter
renal tubules tubules leading from the Bowman capsule. Urine is formed there as water, sugar, and salts are reabsorbed into the bloodstream
ureters tubes carrying urine from the kidney to urinary bladder
urethra tube carrying urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
urinary bladder muscular sac that serves as a reservoir for urine
caliectasis dilation of a calyx (cup-like collecting region of renal pelvis)
caliceal pertaining to a calyx (cup-like collecting region of renal pelvis)
cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
cystectomy removal of the urinary bladder
cystostomy new opening of the bladder to the outside of the body
glomerular pertaining to a glomerulus
meatal stenosis narrowing of the meatus (opening of the urethra to the outside of the body).
meatotomy incision of the meatus
paranephric pertaining to near the kidney
nephropathy disease of the kidney
nephroptosis prolapse (drooping/sagging) of kidney
nephrolithotomy incision to remove a kidney stone
nephrosclerosis hardening of the kidney (arterioles).
hydronephrosis abnormal condition of excess fluid (water) in the kidney
nephrostomy new opening of the kidney to the outside of the body
pyelolithotomy incision of the renal pelvis to remove a stone
pyelogram record (x-ray) of the renal pelvis
renal ischemia holding back of blood flow to the kidney
renal colic kidney pain resulting from a stone in the ureter or kidney
trigonitis inflammation of the trigone (area in the bladder).
ureteroplasty surgical repair of a ureter
ureterolithotomy incision of a ureter to remove a stone
ureteroileostomy new opening between a ureter and the ileum (for removal of urine after cystectomy).
urethritis inflammation of the urethra
urethroplasty surgical repair of the urethra
urethral stricture narrowing of the urethra
perivesical pertaining to surrounding the bladder
vesicureteral reflux backflow of urine from the bladder into the ureters
albuminuria protein in the urine
azotemia nitrogen (increased amounts of nitrogenous wastes) in the blood
bacteriuria bacteria in the urine
polydipsia condition of increased thirst
ketosis abnormal condition of ketones in the blood and body tissues
ketonuria ketone bodies (acids and acetone) in the urine
nephrolithiasis abnormal condition of kidney stones
nocturia excessive urination at night
oliguria scanty urination
erythropoietin hormone secreted by the kidney to increase red blood cell formation in the bone marrow
pyuria pus in the urine
lithotripsy process of crushing a stone in the urinary tract.
uremia urea (urine) in the blood; a potentially fatal condition
enuresis bedwetting (literally, “in urine”).
diuresis condition of complete (excessive) urination.
antidiuretic hormone secreted by the pituitary gland and helps to reabsorb water from the renal tubules back into the bloodstream (ADH)
urinary incontinence inability to hold urine in the bladder
urinary retention inability to release urine from the bladder
dysuria difficult, painful urination
anuria no urine is produced
hematuria blood in the urine
glycosuria sugar in the urine
polyuria excessive urination
urinalysis examination of urine to determine presence of abnormal elements
glomerulonephritis inflammation of the kidney glomerulus (collection of capillaries)
interstitial nephritis inflammation of the renal interstitium (connective tissue that lies between the renal tubules)
nephrotic syndrome group of symptoms caused by excessive protein loss in the urine (also called nephrosis)
polycystic kidneys multiple fluid-filled sacs (cysts) within and upon the kidney
pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis and renal medulla
renal cell carcinoma (hypernephroma) cancerous tumor of the kidney in adulthood
renal failure failure of the kidney to excrete wastes and maintain its filtration function
renal hypertension high blood pressure resulting from kidney disease
bladder cancer malignant tumor of the urinary bladder
diabetes insipidus inadequate secretion or resistance of the kidney to the action of antidiuretic hormone (ADH); 'tasteless'
diabetes mellitus inadequate secretion or improper utilization of insulin; 'sweet'
blood urea nitrogen (BUN) lab test to measure urea (nitrogenous waste) levels in the blood
magnetic resonance imaging magnetic field and radio waves produce images of the kidney and surrounding structures in all three planes of the body
dialysis process of separating nitrogenous waste materials from the bloodstream when the kidneys no longer function
hemodialysis (HD) dialysis with an artificial kidney machine to filter blood and return it to the patient's body
peritoneal dialysis (PD) peritoneal catheter (tube) introduces fluid to the abdominal cavity so wastes pass out of the bloodstream into the cavity, then the fluid is removed. May be CAPD (continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis) or CCPD (continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis)
renal biopsy removal of kidney tissue with microscopic examination by a pathologist
renal transplantation surgical transfer of a complete kidney from a donor to a recipient
Created by: jjanis1