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COPD and PE

QuestionAnswer
COPD preventable; treatable; air flow limitation that is not fully reversible; progressive; inflammatory response to noxious particles (usually smoking); includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis
Emphysema abnormal permanent enlargement of the air space diatal to terminal bronchioles; destruction of bronchioles w/o fibrosis
Chronic Bronchitis presence of chronic productive cough for 3 or more weeks for at least consecutive 2yrs
Inflammation process of COPD inhale noxious particles -> inflammatory cells released -> damage to tissues -> excess mucus production -> structural remodeling -> scar tissue -> fibrosis occurs
Commmon characteristics of COPD mucus hypersecretion, dysfunction of cilia, hyperinflation lungs, and gas exchange abnormalities
Clinical Manifestations of COPD cough (intermittent cough in the AM), sputum production, dyspnea, chest breathing, underweight w/adequate calorie intake, chronic fatigue, wheezing, decreased breath sounds, bluish-red color skin (polcythemia and cyanosis)
Pulmonary Embolism blockage of pulmonary arteries by a thrombus, fat, air embolus, or tumor; disrupts blood flow to a region of the lungs
COPD preventable; treatable; air flow limitation that is not fully reversible; progressive; inflammatory response to noxious particles (usually smoking); includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis
Emphysema abnormal permanent enlargement of the air space diatal to terminal bronchioles; destruction of bronchioles w/o fibrosis
Chronic Bronchitis presence of chronic productive cough for 3 or more weeks for at least consecutive 2yrs
Inflammation process of COPD inhale noxious particles -> inflammatory cells released -> damage to tissues -> excess mucus production -> structural remodeling -> scar tissue -> fibrosis occurs
Commmon characteristics of COPD mucus hypersecretion, dysfunction of cilia, hyperinflation lungs, and gas exchange abnormalities
Clinical Manifestations of COPD cough (intermittent cough in the AM), sputum production, dyspnea, chest breathing, underweight w/adequate calorie intake, chronic fatigue, wheezing, decreased breath sounds, bluish-red color skin (polcythemia and cyanosis)
Pulmonary Embolism blockage of pulmonary arteries by a thrombus, fat, air embolus, or tumor; disrupts blood flow to a region of the lungs
Created by: sydleigh on 2012-02-05



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