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Urinary System

MED 122

cyst/o urinary bladder
edema swelling caused by fluid in tissue spaces.
renal cell carcinoma cancerous tumor of the kidney in adulthood.
hemodialysis use of artificial kidney machine to filter waste-filled blood and return dialyzed blood to the patient's body.
polyuria excessive urination
uremia toxic state resulting when nitrogenous waste (urea)accumulates abnormally in the blood. Also called azotemia.
glomerular pertaining to a glomerulus, or tiny ball of capillaries in the kidney.
UTI urinary tract infection
Childhood renal carcinoma is called what? Wilms tumor
diabetes insipidus Diabetes causes by inadequate secretion of ADH (antidiuretic hormone).
stricture Abnormal narrowing of an opening or passageway.
Na+ sodium
artificial kidney machine machine that filters waste-filled blood and returns dialyzed blood to the patient's body.
nephrolithotomy incision to remove a kidney stone.
What is the term for no urine production? anuria
What are the electrolytes? Potassium and sodium. Electrolytes are chemical elements that carry an electrical charge when dissolved in water. They are necessary for functioning of muscles and nerves.
ESWL extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
pyuria pus in the urine
sediment abnormal particles (cells, bacteria, casts) in urine that settle at the bottom of a urine sample.
enuresis bed wetting
Term meaning surrounding the urinary bladder? perivesical
nephrosclerosis hardening of the kidney (arterioles)
pyel/o renal pelvis
oliguria scanty urine
What is the term for the condition of dark pigment in urine caused by liver disease? bilirubinuria
CAPD continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
What is the difference between essential and secondary hypertension? Essential hypertension is when there is high blood pressure that is idiopathic (no known cause). Secondary hypertension is high blood pressure caused by kidney disease.
catheter a tube for withdrawing or giving fluid
BUN blood urea nitrogen. Measurement of urea levels in blood.
abscess collection of pus
meatal stenosis narrowing of the urinary meatus (opening of the urethra).
Signs/symptoms of diabetes insipidus? polydipsia, polyuria
What's the test that measures urea in the blood? BUN, or blood urea nitrogen
pyuria pus in the urine
Increased levels of ketones in the blood is what? ketosis
What are the signs and symptoms of edema, hypoalbuminemia, and proteinuria? Edema-swelling; hypoalbuminemia-low level of albumin in blood serum, poor appetite, swelling (including ascites), fatigue; proteinuria-large amount of protein in urine, foamy urine, edema. Diabetes mellitus
ketonuria ketone bodies (acids and acetone) in the urine
glycosuria sugar in the urine
nitrogenous waste creatinine, urea
protein in urine proteinuria
urine held in bladder urinary retention
shock waves to crush kidney stones ESWL-extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
alkaline Basic or neutral. Having a pH greater than 7.
trigone triangular region of bladder that the ureters enter.
albuminuria protein in urine
x-ray of urinary tract KUB (kidneys, ureters, and bladder)
alkaline vs acid If pH less than 7, it is acidic. If greater, it is alkaline (basic or neutral).
color of urine (smoky red like blood) indicates hematuria
hernia of tube connecting kidney and bladder ureterocele
Created by: AltheaMathews