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L.O.M. Chapter 8

Pathology; Clinical Tests, Procedures, and Abbreviations

carcinoma of the cervix Malignant cells within the cervix (cervical cancer).
cervicitis Inflammation of the cervix.
carcinoma of the endometrium (endometrial cancer) Malignant tumor of the uterus (adenocarinoma).
endometriosis Endometrial tissue is found in abnormal locations, including the ovaries, fallopian tubes, supporting ligaments, or small intestine.
fibroids Benign tumors in the uterus.
ovarian carcinoma Malignant tumor of the ovary (adenocarinoma).
ovarian cysts Collection of fluid within a sac (cyst) in the ovary.
pelvic inflmmatory disease (PID) Inflammation in the pelvic region; salpingitis.
carcinoma of the breast Malignant tumor of the breast (arising from milk glands and ducts).
fibrocystic disease Small sacs of tissue and fluid in the breast.
abruptio placentae Premature separation of the implanted placenta.
choriocarcinoma Malignant tumor of the pregnant uterus.
ectopic pregnancy Implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location.
placenta previa Placental implantation over the cervical os (opening) or in the lower region of the uterine wall.
preeclampsia Abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by the triad of high blood pressure, proteinuria, and edema.
Down syndrome Chromosomal abnormality results in mental retardation, retarded growth, a flat face with a short nose, low-set eats, and slanted eyes.
erythroblastosis fetalis Hemolytic disease in the newborn caused by a blood group incompatibility between the mother and the fetus.
hyaline mebrane disease Acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn.
hydrocephalus Accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain.
pylori stenosis Narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum.
Pap smear (test) Microsurgery examination of stained cells from the vagina and cervix.
pregnancy test Blood or urine test to detect the presence of HCG.
hysterosalpingography X-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material.
mammography X-ray imaging of the breast.
pelvic ultrasonography Record of sound waves as they bounce off organs in the pelvic region.
aspiration Withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac.
cauterization Process of burning a part of the body.
colposcopy Visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope.
conization Removal of a cone-shaped section of the cervix.
cryosurgery Use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue.
culdocentesis Needle aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac.
dilation (dilatation) and curettage (D&C) Widening of the cervix and scraping the enometrium of the uterus.
exenteration Removal of internal organs.
laparoscopy Visual examination of the abdominal cavity.
tubal ligation Blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization from occurring.
abortion Spontaneous or induced termination of pregnancy before the fetus can exist on its own.
amniocentesis Surgical puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid for analysis.
cesarean section Surgical incision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus.
chronic villus sampling Sampling of placental tissues (chorionic villi) for prenatal diagnosis.
fetal monitoring Use of ultrasonography to record the fetal heart rate and maternal uterine contractions during labor.
pelvimetry Measurement of the dimensions of the maternal pelvis.
Created by: Namber88