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Nutrition, abbrvs, etc.

Absorption Process whereby a cell tissue or organ takes up a substance in the intestinal tract. Absorption is uptake of food (or other substances from the digestive tract.)
BRAT Bananas, Rice, Apple, Toast
CF Clear Fluid
CF-DAT start with Clear Fluid and progress to Diet As Tolerated.
DAT Diet As Tolerated
DD Diabetic Diet
FF Full Fluids
GF Gluten-Free Diet
G-Tube Gastrostomy Tube
HF High Fibre
HP High Protein
LR Low Residue
MN Minced
NAS No Added Salt
NPO Nothing By Mouth
PAR Parenteral Feeds
REG Full Diet
SS Surgical Soft
T&A Diet Tonsillectomy & Adenoidectomy Diet
Dysphagia Difficulty Swallowing
Calcium A mineral.Function:formation of bones&teeth,aids in blood clotting,Muscle&nerve function.Soucres:Salmon,Sardines,Milk,Cheese,Yogurt,Broccoli
Calories Basic unit to measure the amount of energy it takes the body to burn a substance.
Carbohydrates Function:provides 2/3 of daily energy,Provides work energy/body activities,Provide heat energy/Maintains body temp.Sources:Cereal,Grains,Macaroni
Enteral Feed Feeding by tube, directly into the gastrointestinal system. way to deliver nutrients through a tube if you cannot take food or drink through mouth.
Cholesterol Chemical compound that is naturally produced by the body &is a combination of lipid&steriod.Building block for cell membranes&for hormones like estrogen
Deficiency Dietary deficiencies are disorders that occur bcuz of lack of essential nutrients in the diet,or bcuz the body cannot absorb&process those nutrients once they are eaten.Most dietary diseases are caused by lack of protein,vitamins,or minerals.
Dietician Plan food &nutrition programs,supervise meal preparation,&oversee the serving of meals.They prevent&treat illnesses by promoting healthy eating.
Digestion Process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed&assimilated by the body. It is accomplished in the digestive tract by the mechanical&enzymatic breakdown of foods into simpler chemical compounds.
Essential Amino Acids Indispensable for optimum animal growth but cannot be formed in the body and must be supplied in the diet. The Building Blocks Of Protein!
Ensure Brand name for a liquid dietary supplement that provides all your body's nutritional needs in one convenient drink.
Malnutrition Poor nutrition because of an insufficient or poorly balanced diet or faulty digestion or utilization of foods.
Anabolism Formation of complex substances from simpler forms(uses up available metabolic energy)
Catabolism Break down of complex substances into simpler forms(produces available forms of metabolic energy)
Metabolism Physiological and biochemical process that promotes growth and sustain life
Nutrients Supplies body with essential elements
Potassium Element with the chemical symbol K which has a role in nerve function and muscle contraction
Protein Amino Acids are the building blocks of protein.Fundamental structural material of every body cell.build&renew body tissue.Broken into2 fundamental units:Essential(are NOT synthesized by the body)&NonEssential Amino Acids.Soucre:meat,fish,milk
Nutrition Good Nutrition-All necessary nutrients in amounts required.Under Nutrition-Lack of prper nutrient supply.Malnutrition-Due to lack or excess of proper nutrient supply
Refined Free from impurities;purified. REFINEsugars-watersoluble crystalline carbohydrates, including sucrose&lactose,having a characteristically sweet taste&classified as monosaccharides,disaccharides&trisaccharides
Sodium Chemical notation for sodium is Na.When combined with chloride,the result is table salt.Excess sodium is excreted in the urine.Too much or too little sodium can cause cells to malfunction&extremes can be fatal.
Glucose Simple Sugar(Monosaccharide)that serves as the chief source of energy in the body.
Vitamins 2types.WaterSoluble:not stored in the body,very fragile,must be replenished daily,include C,B,B1(Thiamin),B2(riboflavin)B3(niacin),B6(pyridoxine),B12(cobalamin)Biotin,Pantothenic Acid,Folic Acid.-FatSoluble-Stored inbody fat for future use.IncludeA,D,E
Minerals An inorganic element, such as calcium, iron, potassium, sodium, or zinc, that is essential to the nutrition of humans, animals, and plants.
Cardiac Diet Low fat and Cholesterol
Metabolic Rate Amount of energy expended in a givin period,physical changes that occur in the body that result in heat production.
Five Basic Rules to nutrition Enjoy a wide variety of foods,Choose low fat foods from all groups,Limit intake of fats,sugars,Achieve&Maintain healthy weight,Emphasize grains&cereals esp whole grains.
Essential nutrients: over 40 known to be needed for good health. -Carbohydrates -Fats -Minerals -Proteins -Vitamins -Water
Carbohydrates provides: Provides 2/3 of daily energy needs provides work energy& body activities. provides heat energy&maintains body temp.
Carbohydrate Sources: Cereal,Grains,Pasta,Bread
Complex Carbohydrates: provide vitamins & minerals
Refined Carbohydrates: NO nutritional value;empty calories
Fat provides: work energy,body activities, provides heat energy and maintains body temp,Carries vitamin A&D
Fat Sources: lard, oil, nuts
Unsaturated Fats: Lower serum cholesterol
Saturated Fats: Increase serum cholesterol
Minerals come from: the earth and from water, plants & animals, they absorb them to get nutrients. They make up 3-4% of body weight.
Minerals include: Calcium,Zinc,Iron,Magnesium,Iodine,Phosphorus
Calcium provides: formation of bones & teeth, aids in blood clotting, muscle and nerve function
Calcium Sources: Salmon,Sardines,Milk,Cheese,Yogurt,Broccoli
Iodine provides: aids in thyroid function
Iodine Sources: Iodized Salt,Seafood,Kelp
Iron provides: Part of hemoglobin by helping blood carry oxygen,needed to make energy,supports immune system,controls rate at which foods are oxidized,renews hemoglobin
Iron Sources: Meat,Fish,Poultry,Lentils,Beans,Breads
Magnesium provides: Helps maintain normal muscle & nerve function,sustains regular heartbeat,keeps bones stronge,helps body produce energy
Magnesium Sources: Meats,Seafood,Green Leafy Veggies,Milk,Cheese,Yogurt,Bran Cereal,Nuts
Phosphorus provides: Maintains healthy bones,helps body produce energy,important in nerve tissue
Phosphorus Sources: Milk,Yogurt,Cheese,Peas,Meats,Fish,Eggs,Some Cereal,Breads
Zinc provides: Helps support immune system,aids in wound healing&tissue repair,helps digestion,supports normal growth&development
Zinc Sources: Red Meats, Liver, Seafood, Milk Products, Eggs, Beans, Nuts, Whole Grains
Protein provides: Amino Acids are the building blocks of protein. Fundamental structural material of every body cell.Builds&renews body tissue.Broken into 2 fundamental units, Essential & Non-Essential amino acids
Complete Protein: Protein containing all essential amino acids
Incomplete Protein: Protein lacking one or more essential amino acids
Complimentary Protein: 2 or more incomplete proteins working together to supply the missing/incomplete amino acid.
Water The forgotten nutrient.2nd only to oxygen in importance to the human body.2/3 of muscle is composed of water.Potassium&sodium are primarily responsible for water balance.
Metabolic Disorder Inability to synthesize food into energy
Energy: Required for: Basal metabolism,Digestion/Absorption of nutrients & Physical activity
Fibre: Recommened daily adult intake is 25grams. Sources include fruit & Veggies.
Sugars; Monosaccharides Easily soluble;Simple sugar;simplest form of Carbohydrates;Consists of 1sugar& a water soluble
Sugars; Disccharides Composed of 2 Monosaccharides;Formed when 2sugars are joined togethe&a molecule of water is removed.Milk sugar(lactose)is made from Glucose&Galactose. Cane sugar(Sucrose) is made from Glucose
Sugars; Polysaccharides A group of Sugars. Insoluble & may serve as a store of energy. Starch&glycogen are stored in the liver.
Anacephaly Folic Acid deficiency
Anorexia(loss of apetite&nausea) Vitamin D megadose
Anemia Iron deficiency & lack of Carbohydrates in the body
Beriberi B1(thiamin) deficiency
Glossits B2(riboflavin) deficiency
Jaundice Megadose of vitamin K
Ketosis Lack of carbohydrates in the body
Scurvy Vitamin C deficiency
LDL Low Density Lipoprotein *Bad Fat *steak Fat
HDL Good cholesterol (high density lipoprotein) Good-->Meat,Poultry,Fish,Dairy Products
BSP Bowel Sounds Present
CDA Diet Canadian Diabtic Association Diet
Dc/ d/c Discontinue
Low Sodium Limits sodium to less than 3000MG daily.
NG Tube Nasogastric Tube
EF Enteral Feeds