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Music West. Civ.

Section 1

staff set off five horizontal lines on or between which the notes are placed
pitch the highness or lowness of a tone
interval the distance between two pitches
octave interval between notes of the same name
pitch range difference between highest and lowest pitch that an instrument can produce
dynamics levels of loudness and softness
forte loud
piano soft
mezzo medium
timbre distinctive sound quality of an instrument
3 Musical Elements Rhythm, Melody, Harmony
rhythm ordered flow of music through time
beat pulse
Parts of rhythm beat, meter, measures, time signature
meter organization of beats into regular groups/ beats per measure
measures units of organized beats
downbeat first beat of each group
melody series of notes that add up tp a recognizable whole
harmony depth - vertical element
cadence punctuation in music that allows the melody and harmony to sound complete
musical form organization of musical ideas in time
4 Parts of Orchestra Strings, Woodwind, Brass(wind), Percussion
4 Parts of Choir Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass
monophonic one single melodic line/ one note at a time
homophonic one melodic line w/ chords and harmony
polyphony two or more melodies played at same time
syllabic one syllable for every note
melismatic one syllable of text and a lot of notes
Kyrie only greek text in Roman Catholic liturgy
5 parts of Ordinary section Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei
troubadours sing love songs
strophic form repeating a formal section of music in a song
through composed form non-repeating of sections in a song
400 to 1350 CE Middle Ages Period
640 CE Pope Gregory I began writing music
725 CE Pope Gregory II continues progression of writing music
starts in plainchant and ends in gregorian chant The Middle ages startes with what type of music and ended with what?
neumes earliest form of written chanting
Hildegard of Bingen early female composer of sacred music/ monophonic and written in unmeasured rhythms
Leonin and Perotin created earliest polyphonic works that had unmeasured rhythm - involved in sacred music
organa two melodies moving at same time with unmeasured rhythm
Guillaume de Machaut wrote one of the earliest polyphonic setting of the Ordinary of the Mass
Secular music was non-religious and couuld be written in the vernacular instead of Latin
secular music songs by troubadours their music was strophic in form and monophonic
motet second set of words added to the chant
1351 to 1600 Renaissance period
Josquin des Prez composed Ave Maria and wrote many sacred motets during renaissance period
Giovanni Palestrina during Renaissance period helped stopped church from abandoning polyphony texture of music
Madrigal principle form of secular music during the Renaissance - a poem set to music - present in Italy and England
Chanson Renaissance period songs in France that were essentially homophonic
ayres lute songs in renaissance
Lied german form of Madrigal
Praetorius german composer of late renaissance who wrote many chorales
Created by: eagles891