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Greek Vocabfatcat


mattock a heavy hoe which was the chief-tool of Greek farmers.
epic a long poem that tells the story of a hero
barbarians the name given by the Greeks to any people who were not Greek
colonies areas set up in conquerd landds by the Greeks city states for use when thy beccame overpopulated
Minoan (min-o-un) an accient Cretan civilization
myths legends or stories that attempt to explain natural events
Dorians a group that invaded Greece around 1000 B.C
Hellenes the name the Dorians gave themselves
Acropolis a hilltop fortress in Ancient Athens which included the Parthenon and other famous buildings where citizens met to discuss affairs of the community
agora the central maketplace in Ancient Athens and the site of numerous temples and goverment buildings
drama a serious play or theatrical event
metics a class of people in Athens who were not citzens
Helots one of the Spartan slave classes
city-state a self governing unit made up of a city and its surrounding villages and farmland
Homer a Greek epic poet and author of Iliad and Odyssey
monarchy a system of government in which a monarch-a king,queen, or emperor is the sole and absolute ruler
oligarchy a system of govenment in which a few people rule
democracy a system of govenment in which the people rule, either directly or through elected representatives
tyrant a ruler who has absolute power (not limited by a constitution or other officials)
polis a city-state in Ancient Greece
trireme a major sailing vessel powered by three banks of oarsmen
fresco a painting done on fresh plaster with water colors
Pelponnesus a hilly major peninsula in Greece
ostracized shunned,avoided
oracle places where the gods spoke directly to man
phalanx special Greek battle formation where soldiers formed rows, closely pressed together
philosophy the study of the meaning and knowledge of life
Sophocles a famous Greek writer
Pericles a Greek leader of the Golden Age
Ionia a group of Greek cities on the coast of Asia Minor
Created by: Winonafatcat