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Art Chapter 5

Humanaties Chapter 5

art that takes from reality only what the artist wants or that renders a visual depiction of concepts in the artist's mind; the result is a work of art that in no way resembles the familar world Abstract Art
how the modern artist changes reality by adding to it shapes, lines, and even colors not found in nature Alteration
Italian term denoting a way of reproducing in a work of art the interplay of light and shadow in the real world Chiaroscuro
the balanced, harmonious, often mathematical characteristics of art and architecture in fifth-century Athens and those aspects of Roman art that were heavily influenced by artists of that period;also used for all subsequent art and architecture created in Classicism
A work of art in which a variety of materials such as newsprint, magazine pictures, crepe paper, even glass and wood are glued together, forming a new whole, expressive of the artist Collage
movement in modern art, epitomized by Picasso, in which the artist breaks down the field of vision into discontinuous segments or in which the artist shows a number of visual events taking place simultaneously (As in Guernica) Cubism
group of painters producing intensely realisstic art, centered in Holland during the seventeenth century, with Rembrandt the outstanding example Dutch School
artwork painted on the walls of churches and public buildings, popular in the Renaissance, in which the artist applies paint to wet plaster Fresco
aesthetically pleasing relationship between the two sides of a plane (like a rectangle), such that the shorter is to the longer as the longer is to the sum of both. The ratio is 1 to 1.68 Golden Section
an architectural style of the late Middle Ages featuring high pointed spires and pointed arches; label coined by a critic of the style who called it barbaric "like the Goths who destroyed the Roman Empire." Gothic
the transference of what is experienced either outside or inside the artist to a medium of art; it can mean an idealized reproduction (as in classicism), a faithfully realistic one (as in Dutch school), or an externalization of what exists in the artist's Imitation
mid-nineteenth-century art movement wherein the attempt to be realistic is abandoned and instead the artist projects onth the canvas a subjective experience of the world as color and light. In Impressionist art, forms tend to be less sharply divided from Impressionism
the reproduction by an artist of a person or landscape with the aim of being as close to reality as possible, popularity began to diminish with the invention of photography in the nineteenth century. Likeness
the particular materials in which a given artist works, such as paint, acrylic, charcoal, stone, or even tires, mufflers, broken peices of glass, etc. Media
refers less to a particular art movement that to art produced in the late nineteenth to late twentieth centuries. Modernism
art as an event that generally exists only for the time it takes for the presentation or installation. The wrapped buildings, surrounded islands, and other installations of Christo may be kept for longer periods of time, but not indefinitely. Performance Art
technique of rendering, on a plane or curved survace, objects as they appear to natural vision; developed and refinde during the early Italina Renaissance Perspective
style of mid-twentieth-century art influenced by comic books, movies, television commercials, and billboard advertising; can be just plain fun or satiric Pop Art
broad term used by art historians for art of the late nineteenth-and early twentieth centuries that resembles but is not strict Impressionism; it is neither realistic nor abstract. The work of van Gogh belongs to this category. Post-Impressionism
art produced from the late twentieth century to the present less a specific movement that a broad umbrella term for the many innovative techniques Postmodernism
the manner in which such artists as Leonardo and Rembrandt are able to convey the inner life of their figures Psychological Realism
as used in this chapter, art as likeness realism
the period of artistic, pollitical, and social movements that began in 14th-century Italy, spread throughout western Europe in the 15th & 16th centuries; characterized by renewed interest in the classical world, & also marking the end of medievalism & eme Renaissance
modern style made famous by sculptures of Duane Hanson that are so lifelike they seem about to move; this art form also can make biting social commentary. Superrealism
modern style associated with work of Salvador Dali, among others, in which recognizable objects are put together in bizarre contexts that seem like visualizations of dreams` Surrealism
Created by: rrmarkiewicz