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Human Body (H n D)

Human Body in Health and Disease

aden/ gland
adip/o fat
caud/o lower part of the body, tail
cephal/o head
col/o colon, large intestine
coron/o coronary, crown
cyt/o cell
hepat/o liver
hist/o tissue
hyster/o uterus
lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall.
nephr/o kidney
oste/o bone
path/o disease, suffering, feeling, emotion.
retr/o rectum, straight.
the abdomen constitutes the part of the body between the thorax (chest) and pelvis
abdominal part of the abdomen
abdominopelvic the division between the abdominal and the pelvic cavity
adenectomy surgical removal of a gland
adenitis Inflammation of a gland
adenoma A benigh tumor in which the cells form recognizable glandular structures
adenomalacia Abnormal softening of a gland
adenosclerosis Abnormal hardening of a gland
adenosis Any disease condition of a gland
adipose Fat
anaplasia Change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other
anatomy A branch of Biology that studies human structure
anomaly A deviation from what is regarded as normal
anterior means situated in the front It also means on the forward part of an organ
aplasia Lack of development of an organ or tissue
ascites is an abnormal accumulation of clear or milky serous (watery) fluid in the peritoneal cavity
caudal means toward the lower part of the body
cephalic means toward the head
chromosomes a thread like structure of nucleic acid and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes
communicable Any disease transmitted from one person to another by either direct or indirect contact
congential A condition existing at, and usually before, birth; referring to conditions that are present at birth, regardless of their causation
coronal A coronal plane through the body is a vertical plane from head to foot and parallel to the shoulders
cytology The study of cell biology
cytoplasm the material or protoplasm within a living cell , excluding the nucleus
dexyribonucleic DNA
distal situated farthest from the midline or beginning of the body structure
dorsal refers to the back of the body or organ
dysplasia abnormal development or growth of cells
endemic refers to the ongoing presence of a disease within a population
endocrine secreting internally, most commonly into the systemic circulation The secretion of an endocrine
epidemic sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease within a popular group or area
epidemiologist a specialist in the study of outbreaks of a disease within a population group
epigastric pertaining to the epigastrium, the area above the stomach
epithelial pertaining to or involving the outer layer of the skin
etiology is the study of the cause of disease
exocrine the sweat glands secrete their chemicals substances into ducts that lead either to other organs or out of the body
geneticist the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics
hemophilia a group of hereditary bleeding disorder in which one of the factors needed to clot blood is missing
histologist A medical scientist who specializes in the study of the structure of organ tissues, including the composition of cells and their organization into various body tissues
histology the study of microscopic structure of tissue
homeostasis to control bleeding
hyperplasia the enlargement of an organ or tissue caused by an increase in the reproductive rate of its cells, often as an initial development of cancer
hypochondriac means below the ribs
hypogastric the part of the central abdomen that is situated below the region of the stomach
hypoplasia underdevelopment or incomplete development of a tissue or organ
iatrogenic an unfavorable response to medical treatment for a different disorder
idiopathic pertaining to an illness without known cause
iliac of or relating to the ilium or the nearby regions of the lower body
infectious pertaining to an illness cause by a pathogenic organism
inguinal of the groin
laproscopy surgery that utilizes a laparoscope with a video camera and surgical instruments through small incision
lumbar situated in the back and sides between the lowest ribs and the pelvis
membrane is a of the peritoneum that suspends parts of the intestine within the abdominal cavity
mesentery a fold of the peritoneum that attaches the stomach, small intestine,spleen, and other organs to the posterior wall of the abdomen
midsagittal middle
nosocomial (of a disease) originating in a hospital
nucleus the central part that contains genetic material
pandemic refers to an outbreak of a disease occurring over a large geographic area, possible worldwide
parietal peritoneum the part of the peritoneum that lines the abdominal wall
pathologist A doctor who identifies diseases by studying cells and tissues under a microscope
pathology is the study of structural and functional changes caused by a disease
pelvic the pelvis the lower part of the abdomen
peritoneum is the membrane that protects and supports the organs located in the abdominal cavity
peritonitis is the tissue layer of cells lining the inner wall of the abdomen and pelvis
phenylketonuria is a rare condition in which a baby is born without the ability to properly break down an amino acid
physiology the biological study of the functions of living organisms and their parts
posterior means situated in the back It also means on the back part of an organ
proximal means situated nearest the midline or beginning of a body structure
retroperitoneal Situated behind the peritoneum
sagittal (the structure) to the suture uniting the two parietal bones of the skull
thoracic near the thorax
transverse means in a cross wide direction
umbilical belly button or navel
ventral Ventral is as opposed to dorsal
visceral Referring to the viscera, the internal organs of the body, specifically those within the chest or abdomen
Created by: SuDoku4lif