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HHS Musculoskeletal

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures Skeletal

Orthopedics prevention, diagnosis, care and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders
Orthopedist Physician who specializes in the Orthopedics
Rheumatologist Physician specialized in treating joint disease
Doctor of Osteopathy (DO) Medical Doctor who applies proper alignment of bones, muscles, ligaments and nerves to good hlth
Closed Fracture Bone is broke with no external wound
Open Fracture Bone is broken with an open external wound
Complicated Fracture Broken bone has injured an internal organ
Comminuted Fracture Broken bone is splintered into pieces
Impacted Fracture Bone is broken and one end is wedged into the interior of another bone
Colles Fracture Break at the lower end of the radius, occurring just above the wrist
Incomplete Fractures Line of fracture does not completely transverse the entire bone
Greenstick Fractures Break of bone does not extend through the entire thickness of the bone, leaving the unbroken side bent
Osteoporosis Common metabolic Bone disorder, characterized by decreased bone density bone reabsorption exceeds bone formation
Scoliosis C-shaped curvature either to the right or left
Kyphosis humpback or hunchback, abnormal curvature of the upper portion of the spine
Lordosis abnormal inward curvature of a portion of the lower part of the spine
Crepitation Dry, grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together, indicating a fracture or joint destruction
Phantom Limb Perceived sensation, following amputation of a limb, that the limb still exists
Prosthesis Replacement of a missing part by an artificial substitute, such as an artificial extremity
Rickets Form of osteomalacia in children caused by vitamin D deficiency
Talipes Equinovarus Congenital deformity of one or both feet in which the foot is pulled downward and laterally to the side, also called clubfoot
Reduction Procedure that restores a bone to its normal position Closed: realigned by manipulation Open: realigned by surgery
Casting Application of a solid, stiff dressing formed with plaster or other material to a body part to immobilize it during the healing process
Splinting Application of an orthopedic device to an injured body part for immobilization, stabilization, and protection during the healing process
Amputation Partial or complete removal of an extremity due to trauma or circulatory disease
Laminectomy Excision of the posterior arch of a vertebra done to relieve symptoms of a ruptured/slipped disk