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Art History Exam_1

Rutgers Univ. Art History Vocabulary for Exam 1

Art an expression of idea, cultural values, is tangible, repeatable, interactive, and has definite form.
3 types of Art Architecture, Pictorial, and Sculpture
Architecture large immobile structures, their urban surroundings and settings. Permanent and Practical
Picture paintings, drawings, and later on prints and photography. Most fleeting
Sculpture any sort of non-functional 3d object. Carved, modeled, assembled, or cast. can be free standing or relief
Medium the materials used in the art, wood, stone, concrete, ivory, bronze, tempora, oil, chalk, and enamel
Formal Elements includes line, shape, light, texture, space, mass, volume, and composition
Style the combination of formal elements
Iconography subject matter and the symbols identified
Formal Analysis Looking at the iconography and style
Social Art History cultural, political, and social movements and their resulting effects on art
Registers bands of uniform size around a vase that contain artistic vase. Do not contribute to function of vase.
Cult Statues/Image human made depictions of an icon
votive offering a gift to a god from an individual meant to give thanks
Aportopaic meant to ward off evil
Hieratic Scale The most important symbols are portrayed as being the largest
Composite Pose each body part is portrayed from the angle it is most characteristic
Ziggurat a large, stepped building with a plateau top. ritals were likely held on top of these
Fluting shallow grooves running vertically along a surface
Reverse the backside of a palette
Obverse the front side of a palette
Mastaba early burial chamber for Egyptians
Ka the spirit of the individual that leaves the body when they die in ancient Egyptian culture
Naturalistic Architecture Architecture that has been built into the landscape behind it to give it an appearance of blending in
Axiality relating to, characterized by, or forming an axis
hypostyle a roof which is supported by columns, as in the Great Hypostyle hall at Karnak
clerestory an outside wall of a room or building that rises above an adjoining window
Amarna Style the artistic style of Akhenaten, characterized by feminine depiction of men, the only departure of the Ancient Eyptian Period
Doric Style earliest, stood directly on the flat pavement (the styloblate) of a temple without a base; their vertical shafts were fluted with 20 parallel concave grooves; and they were topped by a smooth capital that flared from the column to meet a square abacus
Ionic Style The second order of Greek Architecture. Normally stand on a base which seperates it from the styloblate, It has the same fluting as Doric, and the Capital of abacus and volutes (the curled up things)
Corinthian Style last order of Greek Architecture, and is the most ornate. characterized by slender fluted columns and elaborate capitals decorated with acanthus leaves and scrolls
Pediment a low pitched triangular gable on the front of some buildings
Cornice molding is generally any horizontal decorative molding that crowns any building or furniture element
Entablature a superstructure of moldings and bands which lie horizontally above columns, resting on their capitals, contains the frieze
frieze is a wide cetnral section part of an entablature and may be plain or decorated with relief sculpture
triglyph vertically channeled tablets of the doric frieze, so called because the angular channels in them, tow perfect and one divided
metope is a rectangular architectural element that fills the space between two triglyphs
capital the top of a column
fluting the concave grooves in a column
column the big vertical things that you already knew
base the bottom of a column
styloblate/stereoblate the top step of base of a podium
Cycladic art the visual art of the ancient cycladic civiliation which flourished in the islands of the aegean sea
fresco a type of plaster painting, where the artist paints wet paint into wet plaster
Genre Scene pictorial reprentations in any of various media that represent scenes or events from everyday life, such as markets, domestic setting, interiors, parties, inn scenes, and street scenes
Helladic Art Ancient Greeve during the Bronze age
Corbeled Arch an arch-like construction method that uses the architectural technique of corbeling to span a space or void a structure
megaron is a great hall of the Grecian palace complex
Kouros is the modern term given to male youths which first appear in the archaic period in Ancient Greece
Black-figure painting black figures in red background
Red-figure painting red figures in black background
symposium a meeting of philosophers where they drank and had sex.
peristyle a columned porch or open colonnade in a building surrounding a court that may contain an internal garden
caryatids women that double as columns
contropposto standing naturally
lost wax bronze clay core, wax and then clay, melt the wax, fill with bronze, there you go
acropolis the highest point in the city, where they built a temple
optical refinements changes made to architecture, meant to make the temple seem more perfect
pheidian-style drapery wet looking, excessive wrinkles
Age of Woman of Willendorf 25000 BCE
Age of Hall of Bulls 15000 BCE
Age of Stonehenge 2100 BCE
Age of Carved Vessel (Warka Vase) 3200 BCE
Age of Stele of Naram-Sin 2200 BCE
Age of Great Ziggurat of King Urnammu 2100 BCE
Age of Ishtar Gate 3100 BCE
Age of Palette of King Narmer 3100 BCE
Age of Great Pyramids 2500 BCE
Age of Khafre 2500 BCE
Age of Ti Watching a Hippo Hunt 2500 BCE
Age of Hatshepsut 1500 BCE
Age of Harvester Vase 1500 BCE
Age of Palace Complex at Knossos 1500 BCE
Age of New York Kouros 600 BCE
Age of Ajax and Achilles Playing Dice 500 BCE
Artist of Ajax and Achilles Playing Dice Exekias
Age of Dying Warrior 500 BCE
Age of Kritios Boy 500 BCE
Age of Riace Warrior A 450 BCE
Age of Parthenon 450 BCE
Architect of Parthenon Iktinos and kallikrates
Age of Three Goddesses from the East Pediment of the Parthenon 450 BCE
Age of Doryphoros (Spear Bearer) 450 BCE
Sculptor of Doryphoros (Spear Bearer) Polykleitos
Age of Nereid Monument 400 BCE
Age of Aphrodite of Knidos 300 BCE
Sculptor of Aphrodite of Knidos Praxiteles
Age of Apoxyomenos 300 BCE
Sculptor of Apoxyomenos Lysippos
Age of Dying Gaul 200 BCE
Sculptor of Dying Gaul Epigonos of Pergamon
Age of Athena and Alkyoneus 200 BCE
Age of Lacoon 100 BCE
Age of the Battle of Issos 300 BCE
Age of Baker Dancer 250 BCE