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Admin Law Chpt 2

Admin Law by Hall 3rd ed Chapter 2

form of government founded in ancient Rome Democracy
a form of direct popular government Democracy
form of government where people vote on and direct all important issues Democracy
form of government founded in ancient Athens Republic
form of government where people elect representatives who make laws for the people Republic
name of the first written constitution of the United States Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union
The year that the first constitution was adopted 1781
Year the new constitution was drafted and enacted 1787 and 1789
two structural elements found in the constitution intended to keep and single group or person in government from becoming too powerful federalism and separation of powers
two forms of government recognized in the Constitution the federal (national) and the states
amendment that outlines powers of states and the people tenth amendment
constitutional provision that lists the powers of Congress Article 1, section 8
Clause that allows Congress may enact all laws necessary and proper to carry out Congress's other enumerated powers Necessary and Proper clause
clause which provides that properly enacted federal laws are superior to all state and local laws Supremacy clause
clause that states that Congress has the power to regulate interstate commerce, commerce with foreign nations, and commerce with Indian tribes Commerce clause
the division of governmental power between the federal and state governments federalism
areas where both governments may regulate concurrent jurisdiction
vertical division of power federalism
horizontal division of power separation of powers
the division of power into three branches separation of powers
branch of government responsible for administering and enforcing the laws of the government executive branch
a written law enacted by a legislative body statute
branch of government responsible for administering justice, resolving disputes, and interpreting the law judicial branch
branch of government responsible for creation of law legislative branch
purpose of the doctines of federalism and the separation of powers prevent the centralization of power in one person or group
a rational management system bureaucracy
the management systems of the United States bureaucracy
who creates, defines, and funds agencies the Congress
greater in foreign affairs that in domestic matters the executive's authority
purpose of independent agencies keep them free from politics
movement to detach bureaucracy from the political branched of government reason president is unable to control the government
the size of agencies reason president is unable to control the government
the system of checks and balances reason president is unable to control the government
president is direct head of executive agencies presidential control over agencies
president can recommend to Congress agency reorginizations and amendments to enabling laws presidential control over agencies
president has some authority to establish policy through executive orders presidential control over agencies
president plays a role in the appointment of agency heads presidential control over agencies
how the president can establish policy executive orders
to improve the efficiency and quality of agency decisions by reducing the degree to which the agency head is influenced by politics primary reason Congress limits the presidential removal powers
good cause, inefficiency, neglect of duty, malfeasance of office limitations on the removal of independent agency officers
a mechanism used by Congress to invalidate agency action that falls short of the constitutional method of making law legislative veto
Created by: jfdr31