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Chapt. 15 vocab

Chapter 15 vocabulary

Vital signs various determinations that provide info about the basic body conditions of the patient.
Temperature measurement of the balance between heat lost and heat produced by the body.
Pulse pressure of the blood felt against the wall of an artery as the heart contracts and relaxes, or beats
Rate number of beats per minute
Rhythm regularity
Volume Strength
Respiration breathing rate of the patient
Blood pressure force exerted by the blood against the arterial walls when the heart contracts or relaxes
Homeostasis ideal health state in the human body
Oral temperature taken in the mouth (keep in place for 3-5 minutes)
Rectal temperature taken in the rectum (keep in place for 3-5 minutes)
Axillary Temperature In the armpit, under the upper arm (keep in place for 10 minutes)
Aural Temperature taken with a special tympanic thermometer that is placed in the ear or auditory canal (2 seconds)
Temporal Temperature temperature of temporal artery to provide an accurate measurement of blood temperature
Hypothermia low body temperature, below 95 degrees F. measured rectally
Fever elevated body temperature, usually above 101 degrees F. measured rectally
Pyrexia Another term for fever
Hyperthermia occurs when the body temperature exceeds 104 degrees F. measured rectally
Clinical Thermometer slender glass tube containing mercury of alcohol with red dye, which expands when exposed to heat
Electronic thermometer registers the temperature on a viewer in a few seconds
Tympanic thermometer specialized electronic thermometer that record the aural temperature in the ear
Temporal scanning thermometer specialized electronic thermometers that measure temperature in the temporal artery of the forehead
Rate (respiration) of respiration counts the number of breaths per minute
Character the depth and quality of respiration
Dyspnea deifficult of labored breathing
Apnea absence of respiration, usually a temporary period of no respiration
Tachypnea rapid, shallow respiratory rate above 25 respiration's per minute
Bradypnea slow respiratory rate, usually below 10 respiration's per minute
Orthopnea severe dyspnea is which breathing in very difficult in any position other than sitting erect or standing
Cheyne-stokes abnormal breathing pattern characterized by periods of dyspnea followed by periods of apnea; frequently noted in the dying patient
Rales bubbling or noisy sounds caused by fluids or mucus in the air passages
Wheezing difficult breathing with a high pitched whistling or sighing sounds during expiration; caused by a narrowing of bronchioles and/or an obstruction or mucus accumulation in the bronchi
Cyanosis dusky, blush discoloration of the skin, lips, and/or nail beds as a result of decreased oxygen and increased carbon dioxide in the bloodstream
Apical pulse pulse count taken with a stethoscope at the apex of the heart
Stethoscope instrument used to listen to internal body sounds
Pulse deficit condition that occurs with some heart conditions
Blood pressure measurement of the pressure that the blood exerts on the walls of the arteries during various stages of heart activities
Systolic pressure occurs in the walls of the arteries when the left ventricle of the heart is contracting and pushing blood into the arteries
Pulse pressure difference between systolic and diastolic pressure
hypertension high blood pressure
hypotension low blood pressure
sphygmomanometer instrument used to measure blood pressure in the millimeters of mercury
bradycardia pulse rate under 60 beats per minute
tachycardia pulse rate over 100 beats per minute (except in children)
arrhythmia irregular of abnormal rhyth, usually caused by a defect in the electrical conduction pattern of the heart
Created by: Celine05