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terminology and abbr


- q every
qid four time a day
q4h every four hours
qod every other day
qd every day
TPR temperature,pulse and respiration
BP blood pressure
- c with
- s without
prn as needed
V/S,VS vital signs
bid twice a day
tid three times a day
hs bedtime(hour of sleep)
Ad lib as desired
tachypnea Abnormally rapid breathing.
bradypnea abnormally slow breathing rate
tachycardia An abnormally rapid heart rate.
bradycardia Abnormally slow heart action.
systole The phase of the heartbeat when the heart muscle contracts and pumps blood from the chambers into the arteries.
asystole absence of systole; failure of the ventricles of the heart to contract (usually caused by ventricular fibrillation)
eupnea normal relaxed breathing.
apnea Temporary cessation of breathing, esp. during sleep.
hyperpnea energetic (deep and rapid) respiration that occurs normally after exercise or abnormally with fever or various disorders.
thready weak, thin; shallow.
hyperventilation abnormally increased pulmonary ventilation
dyspnea labored or difficult breathing.
fever body temperature elevation over 100 °F
febrile Of, relating to, or characterized by fever
afebrile Having no fever
angina a sudden intense pain in the chest, often accompanied by feelings of suffocation, caused by momentary lack of adequate blood supply to the heart muscle
wheezing To breathe with difficulty, producing a hoarse whistling sound.
Rales An abnormal respiratory sound characterized by fine crackles
rhonchi a rattling or whistling respiratory sound resembling snoring, caused by secretions in the trachea or bronchi
orthopnea a respiratory ailment in which the sufferer can breathe only when standing upright.
Created by: judithhuerta